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Advanced Structural Ceramics by Kantesh ...
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This book covers the area of advanced ceramic composites broadly, providing important introductory chapters to fundamentals, processing, and applications of advanced ceramic c...Read more

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Description
This book covers the area of advanced ceramic composites broadly, providing important introductory chapters to fundamentals, processing, and applications of advanced ceramic composites. Within each section, specific topics covered highlight the state of the art research within one of the above sections. The organization of the book is designed to provide easy understanding by students as well as professionals interested in advanced ceramic composites. The various sections discuss fundamentals of nature and characteristics of ceramics, processing of ceramics, processing and properties of toughened ceramics, high temperature ceramics, naceramics and naceramic composites, and bioceramics and biocomposites.

Key Features
Author(s)Bikramjit Basu, Kantesh Balani
PublisherJohn Wiley and Sons Ltd
Date of Publication11/11/2011
LanguageEnglish
FormatHardback
ISBN-100470497114
ISBN-139780470497111
SubjectMechanical Engineering

Publication Data
Place of PublicationChichester
Country of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ImprintJohn Wiley & Sons Ltd
Content NoteIllustrations

Dimensions
Weight850 g
Width163 mm
Height234 mm
Spine30 mm

Description
Table Of ContentsPreface xvii Foreword by Michel Barsoum xxiii About the Authors xxv Section One Fundamentals of Nature and Characteristics of Ceramics 1. Ceramics: Definition and Characteristics 3 1.1 Materials Classification 3 1.2 Historical Perspective; Definition and Classification of Ceramics 4 1.3 Properties of Structural Ceramics 8 1.4 Applications of Structural Ceramics 9 References 12 2. Bonding, Structure, and Physical Properties 14 2.1 Primary Bonding 15 2.1.1 Ionic Bonding 15 2.1.2 Covalent Bonding 18 2.1.3 Pauling's Rules 19 2.1.4 Secondary Bonding 21 2.2 Structure 21 2.2.1 NaCl-type Rock-Salt Structure 22 2.2.2 ZnS-Type Wurtzite Structure 22 2.2.3 ZnS-Type Zinc Blende Structure 23 2.2.4 CsCl Cesium Chloride Structure 23 2.2.5 CaF2 Fluorite Structure 23 2.2.6 Antifluorite Structure 24 2.2.7 Rutile Structure 24 2.2.8 Al2O3 Corundum Structure 24 2.2.9 Spinel Structure 25 2.2.10 Perovskite Structure 26 2.2.11 Ilmenite Structure 26 2.2.12 Silicate Structures 26 2.3 Oxide Ceramics 28 2.4 Non-Oxide Ceramics 30 References 33 3. Mechanical Behavior of Ceramics 34 3.1 Theory of Brittle Fracture 34 3.1.1 Theoretical Cohesive Strength 34 3.1.2 Inglis Theory 35 3.1.3 Griffith's Theory 37 3.1.4 Irwin's Theory 39 3.1.5 Concept of Fracture Toughness 39 3.2 Cracking in Brittle Materials 40 3.3 Strength Variability of Ceramics 42 3.4 Physics of the Fracture of Brittle Solids 42 3.4.1 Weakest Link Fracture Statistics 44 3.5 Basic Mechanical Properties 48 3.5.1 Vickers Hardness 48 3.5.2 Instrumented Indentation Measurements 48 3.5.3 Compressive Strength 50 3.5.4 Flexural Strength 51 3.5.5 Elastic Modulus 52 3.5.6 Fracture Toughness 53 3.5.6.1 Long Crack Methods 54 3.5.6.2 Fracture Toughness Evaluation Using Indentation Cracking 55 3.6 Toughening Mechanisms 59 References 63 Section Two Processing of Ceramics 4. Synthesis of High-Purity Ceramic Powders 67 4.1 Synthesis of ZrO2 Powders 67 4.2 Synthesis of TiB2 Powders 68 4.3 Synthesis of Hydroxyapatite Powders 70 4.4 Synthesis of High-Purity Tungsten Carbide Powders 71 References 75 5. Sintering of Ceramics 76 5.1 Introduction 76 5.2 Classification 78 5.3 Thermodynamic Driving Force 79 5.4 Solid-State Sintering 82 5.5 Competition between Densification and Grain Growth 84 5.6 Liquid-Phase Sintering 88 5.7 Important Factors Infl uencing the Sintering Process 90 5.8 Powder Metallurgical Processes 92 5.8.1 Ball Milling 92 5.8.2 Compaction 94 5.8.2.1 Cold Pressing 94 5.8.2.2 Cold Isostatic Pressing 96 5.8.3 Pressureless Sintering 97 5.8.4 Reactive Sintering 98 5.8.5 Microwave Sintering 99 References 103 6. Thermomechanical Sintering Methods 105 6.1 Hot Pressing 105 6.2 Extrusion 108 6.3 Hot Isostatic Pressing 110 6.4 Hot Rolling 112 6.5 Sinter Forging 114 6.6 Spark Plasma Sintering 116 References 118 Section Three Surface Coatings 7. Environment and Engineering of Ceramic Materials 123 7.1 Environmental Influence on Properties of Engineering Ceramics 124 7.1.1 Oxidation Resistance 125 7.1.2 Corrosion Resistance 126 7.1.3 Creep Resistance 126 7.1.4 Hard Bearing Surfaces 126 7.1.5 Thermal and Electrical Insulation 126 7.1.6 Abrasion-Resistant Ceramics 127 7.1.7 Fretting Wear Resistance, Surface Fatigue, Impact Resistance 127 7.1.8 Erosion and Cavitation Resistance 127 7.2 Classification and Engineering of Ceramic Materials 128 7.2.1 Non-Oxide Ceramics 128 7.2.2 Oxide Ceramics 132 References 135 8. Thermal Spraying of Ceramics 137 8.1 Mechanism of Thermal Spraying 137 8.1.1 Advantages of Thermal Spraying 140 8.1.2 Disadvantages of Thermal Spraying 141 8.2 Classification of Thermal Spraying 141 8.2.1 Combustion Thermal Spraying 142 8.2.1.1 Flame (Powder or Wire) Spraying 142 8.2.1.2 High-Velocity Oxy-Fuel Spraying 144 8.2.1.3 Detonation Spray Technique 145 8.2.2 Electric Arc Spraying 148 8.2.3 Cold Spraying 149 8.2.4 Plasma Spraying 150 8.2.4.1 Atmospheric Plasma Spraying 152 8
Author BiographyBikramjit Basu, PhD, is an Associate Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur. He is currently on leave at the Materials Research Center, Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, India. His research interests include processing-structure-property correlation in structural ceramics, including nanoceramics and nanocomposites as well as biomaterials and tribology of advanced materials. In recognition of his contributions to the field of ceramic and biomaterials science, he has received noteworthy awards from the Indian National Academy of Engineering (2004), the Indian National Science Academy (2005), the Metallurgist of the Year Award (2010) from the Indian government, and the NASI - SCOPUS Young Scientist Award (2010) from Elsevier and the National Academy of Sciences, India (NASI). He was the recipient of the Robert L. Coble Award for Young Scholars from the American Ceramic Society in 2008. Kantesh Balani, PhD, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur. His research focuses on the processing and characterization of carbon nanotube (CNT) based biomaterials, energy materials, and correlating mechanics at multiple length scales. He has received several recognitions as a Young Scientist, as well as a Young Engineer, for his contributions in the field of materials science.

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