COMPRESSION STOCKINGS

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Why Compression?

~What Is Deep Vein Thrombosis? Deep vein thrombosis refers to a blood clot that develops inside a larger vein - usually deep within the lower leg or thigh. DVT strikes about half a million Americans every year and causes up to 100,000 deaths. The danger is that part of the clot can break off and travel through the bloodstream, where it can lodge in the lungs causing a blockage in blood flow, organ damage, and death. In the UK, 25,000 people die each year from preventable hospital-associated venous thromboembolism (VTE). Clinical observations have shown that while DVT may not be as common in the Asian populations as in the Caucasian populations, it is certainly not rare and is indeed on the rise. This is more commonly seen than thought and is seen across all disciplines of clinical practice from post-surgical patients, cancer patients, pregnant women to healthy individuals. DVT is a preventable disease and a better understanding of its epidemiology, patient risk factors and biological risk factors will enable better preventive measures. Dangers of DVT: Pulmonary Embolism If part of the clot breaks loose and travels through the bloodstream, the results can be life-threatening. A clot that blocks the blood supply to the lungs is called a pulmonary embolism. Symptoms include trouble breathing, low blood pressure, fainting, faster heart rate, chest pain, and coughing up blood. If you have any of these symptoms, call Triple 0 (000) or go to the emergency room. DVT mainly affects the large veins in the lower leg and thigh, almost always on one side of the body. What Causes DVT? Anything that damages the inner lining of a vein may contribute to DVT, including surgery, injury, or an immune system response. Blood that is thick or flows too slowly is more likely to form a clot, especially in a vein that is already damaged. Other things that increase risk for blood clotting include genetic disorders, hormone changes, and lack of movement. Who’s at Risk for DVT? People with a higher risk of DVT include: People who have cancer, People who have had surgery, anyone on extended bed rest, the elderly, smokers, long-distance travellers, people who are overweight or obese, Oestrogen- (pill, HRT), Varicose Veins, Dehydration, Critical care admission, previous DVT episodes, Thrombophilia. DVT and Pregnancy Women have a greater risk of developing DVT during pregnancy and the four to six weeks after giving birth. This is due to higher levels of oestrogen, which may make blood easier to clot. The pressure of an expanding uterus can also impede blood flow of the veins as well. Certain blood disorders can boost the risk even more. DVT and Hormonal Birth Control Like pregnancy, hormonal birth control and post-menopausal hormone therapy change blood chemistry and may increase risk of DVT, even in women who don't have blood disorders. DVT and Travel Travelling to new and faraway places can be exciting. Squishing into a coach or economy class seat for a long international flight is not. Studies show long-distance travel lasting more than four hours doubles your risk of developing DVT. This includes travel by air, bus, train, or car. Not moving around in these cramped conditions can cause sluggish blood flow. One of the most successful ways to help prevent DVT is the use of Graduated Compression Stockings.
~Graduated Compression Stockings are designed in such a way that they create varying amounts of Pressure to the Ankle, Calf and Thigh to assist in the return of blood from the extremities when little movement is contributing to the potential risk of DVT. Each Compression Stocking has a graduated strength of compression. The strongest compression is at the ankle, with a gradual decrease as you go up the leg. The level of compression is measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg). Stockings have different grades of compression.
Class 1: Moderate compression (15-20mmHg). For aching legs, minor ankle, leg and foot swelling and minor varicose veins and long Distance Travel where immobility is expected..
Class 2: Firm Compression (20-30mmHg). For aching legs, moderate varicose veins, pregnancy, moderate swelling, superficial thrombophlebitis, helps prevent venous ulcers.
Class 3: Extra Firm Compression (30-40mmHg). For serious conditions including severe varicose veins, lymphoedema, post sclerotherapy/vein surgery, healing venous ulcers, deep vein thrombosis or chronic venous insufficiency. Not all stockings are reliable and consistent with their stated pressure ranges, and the term "Caveat Emptor" (Let the buyer beware) should be applied when purchasing these types of products. You need to know that a good manufacturer of these types of stockings will utilise the Sigel compression profile which is the standard of measured pressure at the Ankle, Calf, Knee, Lower & Upper Thigh.
Vienna™ anti-embolism stockings have the following Features:
• Inspection opening on ball of foot allowing feet and toes to be easily accessible for hygiene, peripheral circulation and skin integrity checks.
• Polyamide and Lycra Elastane knit with superb wicking properties to move perspiration away from patients skin keeping patient cool and comfortable.
• Bariatric sizing range with Knee stocking XXL Up to 48cm and Thigh stocking XXL Up to 48cm circumference
• Colour coding to easily identify the size and length of the stocking
• Colour matches to sizing chart
• Latex Free • Complies with Sigel Profile for Anti-Embolism Stockings
• Testing Unit in-house to ensure consistent calibrated compression profile on batches.
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