Choosing Carpets

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Choosing Carpets

By ESQFARQ 18 Years as a Professional Installer/Business Owner

Why Choose Carpets? | The Australian Carpet Classification Scheme (ACCS) | Carpet Texture and Style | Carpet Fibres and Blends | Grades of Carpets


Why Choose Carpets?

Carpet is the ideal choice for any home; the Godfrey Hirst range Advantage Flooring (locally manufactured carpets) Norman Ellison (premium New Zealand Wool carpets) to name a few, will bring a sense of sophistication, warmth, and quality to your home.

Warmth and Insulation
Carpet is a natural insulator in both hot and cold weather.

Cushioning Falls
Carpet is ideal ground for newborns and toddlers, as it can help to cushion there falls.

Noise
Carpet is a fantastic product for insulating against the sounds generated in any home or office on a daily basis.

Durability
A good quality well maintained carpet, will be around to be enjoyed for years.

The most frequently asked question we receive at Absolute Quality Floorcoverings is..."What is the best carpet?". We respond to this not with an answer but another question... "What and where do you want it?"

Purchasing a carpet for your home or business is a choice driven by personal tastes, likes and dislikes. Carpet is an investment and the purchase should be treated as such. Here are some simple guidelines to put you on the path to determining what the right carpet for you is.

Fashion vs. Function
What is your décor vision? Do you want the latest look in colour? Do you want a plain effect or textured? Do you want a functional carpet that will endure?

Outdoor / Indoor Environment
Are the paths around your home or office sealed or unsealed? What is the likelihood of dirt and grime being tracked in? Do you entertain in certain rooms a lot?

Children and Pets
Do you have a large family who are always home? Will the carpet receive a lot of traffic and in what areas? What is the likelihood of staining, from mud, food etc.?

Is the carpet for a home or business environment?
Do you want to create a certain style? In a business environment does the carpet have to comply with any building regulations in regards to flammability etc.?

What is your budget?
This is the most important question of all!

Carpet is an investment for your home, so it is important that you research and understand what will affect the performance of your chosen product. Major traffic areas in conjunction with the density and weight of the pile will affect the performance of a carpet. For example, bedrooms and dining rooms tend to carry less traffic than hallways, stairs and living rooms.




The Australian Carpet Classification Scheme (ACCS)

The Australian Carpet Institute has the Australian Carpet Classification Scheme (ACCS), which provides a rating system for carpets. Carpets that carry the ACCS labels have passed internationally recognized wear and performance tests and have been examined by an independent panel. These companies that carry these labels are proud to be members of the Australian Carpet Institute.

When you begin the research stage in the retail environment, ensure that the carpets you are looking at have the ACCS grading labels on the back so you can be assured of the best quality.

Fibre
There are 3 main fibres used in the manufacture of carpets in Australia, Wool, Nylon and Polypropylene. Carpets can be bought as a 100% make-up of these fibres or a blend of these fibres. Each fibre has its own benefits; this is again a personal decision.

Colour
Colour is one of the most important factors when choosing a carpet. The colour you choose must blend in with the rest of your interior, and stand the test of time.

Loop
A Looped carpet is, as the word suggests, where the carpet pile forms a loop.
There are several types of looped carpets; the more common ones are sisals, textured loops and multi-level loops. Each creates a very distinct look in the home.
In regards to wear, looped carpets are very durable and do not have a tendency to show tracking (footprints) marks as often as other carpet types. Generally speaking they maintain their appearance far better than other styles of carpet.

Cut Pile
A Cut pile carpet is achieved by cutting the tops off the loops so the pile stands upright with an even surface.
Plush pile carpet is constructed with a slight twist in the yarn, which has been chemically, or heat set. This visually creates a carpet that has a very soft and luxurious look. Plush pile is however subject to tracking and shading.
Twist Pile Carpet is constructed with a highly twisted yarn and is a harder wearing carpet.

Cut Loop
A cut loop carpet features stylized designs utilizing both cut pile and loops. This technology can create very simple or sophisticated design patterns.




Carpet Texture and Style

The two main methods for manufacturing carpet are tufting and weaving. Tufting is the most common method these days. Needles thread the yarn through a backing fabric, which is then coated with an adhesive. Another layer of backing is then applied, usually jute or in some cases polypropylene. The method of manufacture is less important than the two major factors that determine the quality of carpet.
Twist Pile
     •    A tighter twist of yarn creates a more rugged look and a harder wearing carpet.
•    Good performance in heavy traffic.
•    This texture maintains its attractive appearance by minimising tracking, shading and fluffing.
Sisal (Loop Pile)
     •    Yarn is left in a loop.
•    Very durable and hard wearing.
•    Distinctive, Fashionable, Modern look and texture.
Plush Pile
     •    Smooth cut pile carpet.
•    Individual tufts only minimally visible.
•    Velvet-like visual effect.
Multi Level Loop Pile
     •    This carpet is made up of different height loops, two or three heights being most common.
Level Loop Pile
     •    All Loops are the same height.
Berber (Loop Pile)
     •    Originally made from undyed, naturally coloured wool.
•    Yarn is left in a loop.
•    Very durable and extremely hard wearing.
Cut and Loop Pile
     •    Combination of loop and cut tufts at different heights.
•    Creates a patterned, sculptured surface.
Cut Pile
     •    Achieved by cutting the tops of the loops so that they stand upright and form an even surface.
Frieze
     •    Also called hard twist and high twist.
•    Creates a highly textured effect.
•    Very hard-wearing.


Carpet Fibres and Blends

Carpet can be made from a variety of fibres, or blends of fibres.
Wool – This natural fibre has been cultivated to meet the demands expected of a floor covering. The superior attributes of wool ensure it is a safe, resilient and long-lasting product. Furthermore, wools ability to accept dyes and its subtle lustre combine to create unparalleled appeal to the eye and underfoot. Wool is a luxurious fibre, naturally non-flammable, non-abrasive and environmentally friendly.

Nylon – Nylon is a tough, hard wearing material. All nylons are treated to incorporate stain resistant properties, colourfastness and long-lasting wear. This will vary from manufacturer and from brand and can be identified on the sample labels or ask your Sales Representative for more information. Nylon yarns vary from premium to commodity yarns, white nylon to solution dyed and these variations also impact on the carpets performance reflected in the warranty terms.

Wool Nylon Blends – Typically Wool Nylon blends feature 20% nylon, 80% wool. This union combines the durability of nylon with the softness and resilience associated with wool. The main benefit achieved in Wool Nylon blends is the extension to the carpets wear life.

Polypropylene – Polypropylene is a closed-cell fibre and cannot absorb moisture. Consequently, this provides superior stain resistance as any spilt liquids or solids are not absorbed into the fibre but merely sit in the pile for quick and easy cleaning. It is an extremely durable carpet fibre and will never wear out.

Some carpets are graded for their suitability for different applications. Our experienced flooring consultant can advise which types of carpet are best for your application. Sometimes the most expensive option will not be the best choice for your requirements.




Grades of Carpet

Medium Duty: Suitable for lounge and living rooms with light traffic flows (i.e. not suitable for households with lots of kids).

Heavy Duty: Ideal for anywhere where there is a heavy flow of traffic. Suitable for hallways, lounge and living rooms for families with up to 2 – 3 kids.

Extra Heavy Duty: Designed for lots of traffic. Use in hallways, busy living areas. Also suitable for some commercial offices and shops.



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