DVD Regions, Formats, Conditions & Listing Terms

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This guide is to describe DVD Regions, DVD Formats, establish the condition ratings of DVDs and define the terms used in DVD Listings.  This allows you to make an informed decision about buying DVDs on eBay.  All DVD Conditions in this guide align with the eBay mandated ratings.  The Buyer may refer to the eBay definition for the Condition which is displayed with Item Specifics at the top of the Description Page.


All DVD condition ratings applicable to all DVDs sold by Martians_from_OZ.


Region are set by 8 flags, any or all of which can be set at manufacture for any DVD. 

DVD Players are often set to play only one Region – Other Regions will not play in these DVD players.  Luckily in Australia, most DVD players are multi-region and play all regions – often you need to try this out with a borrowed DVD to be sure as it is difficult to tell from the DVD player markings as some still show a Region Marking but do not enforce it.  Overseas (non Australian) users need to ensure their player is multi-region to play DVDs outside their region.

0  Informal "worldwide". Region 0 discs either have no region flag set or have region 1–6 flags set.
1  United States of America, Canada, Bermuda
2  Europe (except Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus), Middle East, Egypt, Japan, South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho, Greenland
3  Southeast Asia, South Korea, Republic of China (Taiwan), Hong Kong, Macau
4  Australia, New Zealand, Oceania,  Mexico, Central America, South America,
5  India, Afghanistan, Ukraine, Belarus, Russia, Africa (except Egypt, South Africa, Swaziland, and Lesotho), Central and South Asia, Mongolia, North Korea
6  People's Republic of China, Hong Kong
7  Reserved for future use (found in use on protected screener copies of MPAA-related DVDs and "media copies" of pre-releases in Asia)
8  International venues such as aircraft, cruise ships, etc.
ALL  Region ALL discs have all 8 flags set, allowing the disc to be played in any locale on any player.

DVD Formats

The DVD format is a combination of the TV Format (PAL, NTSC) and the Screen Size (Fullscreen (FS), Widescreen (WS)) which is on the DVD. 

Widescreen DVDs played on a standard (non widescreen) TV may be cropped or letterboxed depending on TV settings. 

Fullscreen DVDs played on a Widescreen TV may have side-bars (letterbox with black bands on side).

PAL is the TV format used in Australia, New Zealand, most of Europe, most of Africa, China, India, Israel, North Korea, and other countries.

NTSC is the TV format used in USA, Canada, Japan, Mexico, Philippines, Taiwan, United States, and other countries.

Playing NTSC vs PAL: Almost all DVD players sold in PAL countries play both kinds of discs, and most modern PAL TVs can handle the converted signal. However, most NTSC players can't play PAL discs, and most NTSC TVs don't work with PAL video.

Other format differences: There are also differences in pixel aspect ratio (720x480 vs. 720x576), display frame rate (29.97 vs. 25), and surround audio options (Dolby Digital vs. MPEG audio).

NTSC discs (with Dolby Digital audio) play on over 95% of DVD systems worldwide.


The Codes used are as below.  In addition to the code any details of known defects will be identified in the listing in the Condition Section.

Brand New (Never played - could have minor cover rub marks from shelving)
An item that has never been opened or removed from the manufacturer’s sealing (if applicable). Item is in original shrink wrap (if applicable).

Like New (Could easily be mistaken for brand new, makes a great gift.)
An item that looks as if it was just taken out of shrink wrap. No visible wear, and all aspects of the item are flawless and intact.

Very Good (Will look good in your movie collection, but not for a gift)
An item that is used but still in very good condition. No major damage to the item cover, no scuffs, scratches, cracks, or holes. The cover art and liner notes are included. The DVD box is included where applicable. The teeth of disk holder are undamaged, minimal exterior wear on the item. No skipping on DVD.

Good (Excellent to watch, but not a showpiece for the collection)
An item in used but good condition. May have significant damage to the item cover including scuffs, scratches, or cracks. The cover art and liner notes are included.  DVD box is included where applicable. No skipping on DVD.

Acceptable (Item beaten up a bit but it works)
An item with obvious and significant wear but is still operational. May have tears or holes in DVD cover.


All DVDs sold are guaranteed to play OK. 
That is free of faulty tracks and excessive noise, or we will happily refund your purchase.

It is illegal to sell any bootleg or pirated DVD, if you believe that any DVD you buy is bootleg / pirated you should contact the seller for a refund.


  • Cardboard Cover: Some CDs are originally in a cardboard slipcase / cover, this will be shown in the listing under the Cover Condition where this is the case.
  • DVD: Digital Video Disc (Video).
  • Format: This indicates the TV System (see Format section above)  and Screen Type where applicable.  Eg PAL Fullscreen or NTSC Widescreen.
  • Fullscreen (FS): Doesn't mean it fills the screen.  This is the original 4:3 TV format.  On a Widescreen TV this may show letterbox depending on your settings.
  • Letterbox:  The format where depending on your TV settings and video format the sides (normally) or top / bottom (or both) are blacked out to form a smaller picture.
  • Media: Indicates where the item is DVD ; Blu-Ray (BD) or VHS.  If there is more than 1 DVD / BD this will also be shown here (eg 2DVD means there are two DVD discs which may be in the one cover box depending on how it sold.
  • Minutes: Where shown is the length of the main movie on the DVD and typically does not include the Bonus features.
  • NTSC: The USA Television Standard.  Luckily in Australia nearly all PAL TVs sold are NTSC compatible and most DVD Players are multi-region but you should be sure before you buy or it will be a black screen.
  • PAL: This is the Australian Standard Television Signal. (see also NTSC)
  • Rating: This is the classification (age) rating as provided on the DVD. 
  • Region: The applicable Region for the DVD (see Regions section above). 
  • Scuff Marks: The dull spots on DVD case covers from where the cases rub against shelves or other DVDs, this is normal wear for a DVD Case.
  • Skipping: The video shows noticeable signs of missing information which can be seen or heard. 
  • Slimline Case: The thin DVD cases which are now common for new DVDs.
  • Slip Cover: A cardboard cover sitting around one or more DVDs for decorative purposes, usually serves no functional purpose.
  • Starring: Highlights the primary actors (at least as recognised by the lister).
  • Teeth: The parts of the disc case that go in the hole to hold the DVD in the case - if these are broken the DVD may fall out easily.  Also called fingers.
  • Widescreen (WS): A 16:9 ratio screen which is what you buy when you got your widescreen TV.
  • Year: The year is the year the DVD was packaged, this may not be the movie release date.

Please rate this guide if it proved helpful - appreciated.

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