How to Build an Indoor Hydroponic Garden

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How to Build an Indoor Hydroponic Garden.

Traditional gardening that requires land or soil space seems difficult nowadays especially in urban areas. Hence, the need for hydroponic technology or the process of growing plants by means of “planting on water”. Knowing how to build an indoor hydroponic garden is an advantage. There are numerous benefits to gardening. And the choice to garden indoors using hydroponic systems provides the additional benefits of variety of the plants you can grow, the ability to produce year-round, and the reduction in the amount of grunt work involved in preparation, weeding, and tending an indoor garden. This article gives you one of the simplest ways on how to make a hydroponic system.

Before starting the project, make sure you have the following materials:

•    6 lengths of 6 feet by 6 inches PVC pipe
•    A level stand or table, 6 feet by 6 inches
•    Saw
•    1 small container of plumber's putty
•    50 gallon nutrient tank
•    Growing nutrient
•    Pump
•    Planting cups
•    Expanded clay pebbles
•    84 linear feet of 1 inch PVC pipe
•    Drill
•    PVC 90 degree joints
•    PVC 45 degree joints
•    PVC T joints
•    PVC 6 inch PVC pipe caps

It is important to choose a location for your indoor hydroponic system that is exposed to lots of natural light. If you have the budget to invest in grow lights that will provide the quantity of artificial light needed for the plant varieties you intend to grow, then you may purchase so.

First Step:

Cut evenly spaced planting holes large enough to accommodate the top of the planting cups on one side of the 6 inch PVC pipe. Consider the size of the full grown foliage in the spacing. Cap the ends of the 6 inch pipe with the pipe caps and seal the joints with plumber's putty.


Second Step:

After sealing the ends, drill a 1 inch drainage hole in one end of each of the 6 inch PVC pipes.

Third Step:

Cut lengths of 1 inch PVC pipe of suitable length and assemble with the necessary joints to reach from the drainage hole to the nutrient tank. Seal at the joints with plumber's putty.

Fourth Step:

Construct a manifold using 1 inch PVC pipes and the necessary joints. Each of the six squared segments of the manifold should consist of three 12 inch lengths of 1 inch PVC connected with the necessary joints. Along the top edges of each segment, join two 5 inch lengths with a T joint at the center. Angle the base of each T joint toward the first cut hole in the top of each 6 inch PVC pipe.

Fifth Step:

Connect a short length of 1 inch PVC pipe to the T joint directed into each 6 inch grow tube.

Sixth Step:

Cut a length of 1 inch PVC pipe to extend the length of each grow tube. Carefully drill one pinhole spaced

evenly to spray between each hole cut into the grow tube. Cap the end of the 1 inch pipe.

Seventh Step:

Connect the centermost 1 inch PVC pipe segments along the bottom length of the manifold with a T joint and run a length of 1 inch pipe toward the 50 gallon nutrient tank seated below the stand for the grow tubes.

Eight Step:

Connect the hose from the pump to the manifold supply pipe you connected in the previous step.

Ninth Step:

Fill the 50 gallon tank with water and add nutrient solution as indicated on the manufacturer's instructions.

Tenth Step:

Turn on the pump and run the system for 4 to 6 hours to ensure good circulation and flow.

Eleventh Step:

Obtain seedlings of selected plants from your local nursery. Remove the seedlings from the pots and rinse all dirt particles from the root fibers.

Twelfth Step:

Cut a small hole in the bottom of each grow cup and gently pull the root fibers through.

Thirteenth Step:

Fill the cup with the expanded clay pebbles while gently holding the stalk of the seedling upright.

Fourteenth Step:

Reposition the nutrient line as necessary to ensure the roots of each plant are sprayed with the nutrient solution.

Now that you know how to build an indoor hydroponic garden,  ground space is not a problem anymore. Start planting now!

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