Roses are one of the most popular, attractive, and fragrant flowers to grow in a garden, as they come in several varieties, sizes, and colours to choose from. Planting and caring for roses requires patience and attention to detail. The proper amount of sunlight, water, fertiliser, and grooming help rose gardens thrive. Caring for roses does not have to be difficult, and with a little organisation and practice, anyone can be a successful rose gardener.
Creating the garden
Planting rose bushes requires careful planning and organisation, depending on when the gardener wants the roses to bloom. For spring and summer blooms, gardeners should plant the roses in the wintertime. Taking into account some special considerations allow gardeners to grow happy and healthy plants.
Choosing an area
Choosing a proper area to create a rose garden is crucial to growing healthy flowers. Roses require a growing area that receives at least four to five hours of direct sunlight a day. They also need plenty of open space to grow, away from walls or other plants.
Preparing the soil
Roses thrive in well-drained, loamy soil, with a pH range of 5.5 to 7.0. A pH of 6.5 is ideal, because it has just the right amount of acidity for the roses. Additionally, roses fare best in fresh soil that older roses have not grown in during previous seasons.
To begin, gardeners should use a gardening shovel to dig a hole slightly larger and deeper than the root system of the plant. Including a small amount of bone meal and compost in the hole provides useful nutrients to the roses, contributing to root and flower development. After planting the rose bush and covering the hole with soil, make sure to thoroughly water the base of the plant.
Regular care is essential to the prosperity of a rose garden. Watering, fertilising, and pruning the plants help them flourish and produce maximum blooms. For safety, gardeners should wear thick gardening gloves to prevent painful pricks from thorns that line rose stems.
Roses require thorough watering twice a week. Make sure to water the entire root area, and keep in mind the ideal soil condition is loose and moist, but not completely soaked. Placing a top layer of mulch around the base of the plant helps preserve water and prevents the soil from drying out. If mulch is not on hand, shredded leaves, grass clippings, and bark chips work well.
Fertilising roses adds and replaces nutrients to the soil that promote growth and blooming. Gardeners should feed the roses once a month during the blooming cycle with either a 5-10-5 or 5-10-10 fertiliser. Using 3/4 cup to 1 cup of fertiliser is enough for one plant. Additionally, mixing a small amount of Epsom salt or magnesium sulphate with the fertiliser promotes growth.
Pruning roses produces more blooms, keeps the plant healthy, and maintains an attractive shape. Gardeners can use pruning shears to trim away spent blooms or thin stems, or opt for loppers, which are useful for cutting stems that are more than a centimetre thick. Typically, gardeners prune climbers, weepers, and roses during spring and summer, and dried stalks and stems during winter.
Winterising rose bushes prepares them for the cold months ahead. Gardeners should stop fertilising the plants six weeks before the first frost, but continue to keep up the watering regimen. Filling the area around the plant with thick mulch and compost prevents frost damage to the stems and roots, and pine needles and straw are good insulators. For added protection, an anti-fungus spray can help prevent mould and mildew from taking over the plant during cold and wet months.
Various insects can take over a rose garden and damage or kill the plants. Aphids, Japanese beetles, leafcutter bees, spider mites, and slugs are all detrimental to rose bushes. To protect a rose bush, gardeners can spray the affected plants with pesticides that are safe for the plant and surrounding garden area.
How to buy rose garden supplies on eBay
You can purchase rose bushes and rose gardening supplies from sellers on eBay. Enter keywords such as "rose bush" or "pruning shears" in the search bar located on any eBay page. Narrow down your search by entering the name of a specific variety of roses or a certain brand of gardening supplies. Review a seller's page for additional details about the product, pictures, or shipping options. Local sellers can help you receive your product faster without the need for paying a shipping fee.