Vertical gardening is a way to maximise space, allowing gardeners to fit more plants into small spaces such as small plots, patios, and terraces. It also lets them grow more in an average-sized yard. Instead of planting in beds along the ground, vertical gardeners use wall space, hanging plants, columns, and stacked pots to create growing space upwards instead of outwards. Starting a vertical garden is easy; gardeners simply need to create growing walls, poles, and stacks in their gardens.
Surveying available space
When it comes to vertical gardening, the number of square metres in a yard or on a balcony is not as crucial as wall space. In addition, gardeners should measure walls, fences, and house sidings to assess how they can use these spaces; they can easily nail containers or pots to a wooden fence, but they should build a frame to lean against a house or shed siding. Gardeners can also plan spaces for columns, layered pot structures, hanging plants, and structures for climbing plants.
Once gardeners are aware of which spaces are available in their gardens, they can start choosing suitable plants to fill those spaces. Hanging plants, climbing plants, and plants with shallow roots do well in vertical gardens. In addition, gardeners should make sure they choose the right plants for the conditions involved. For example, sun-loving plants such as tomatoes, lavender, rosemary, marigolds, and petunias should go in spaces that get more sun, as they may not grow properly in the shade.
Hanging basket plants
Plants such as fuchsias, petunias, and lobelias do well in hanging baskets. However, almost any plant with lots of foliage can work in a basket. The stems and leaves need to grow enough to drape over the sides, which means that shorter bedding plants such as marigolds and lettuce do not work well. Hard-stemmed shrubs such as heather or rosemary are also poor options for baskets.
Climbing plants such as beans, peas, grapevines, cucumbers, zucchinis, pumpkins, morning glories, and nasturtiums pair well with vertical gardening. Most of these plants have shallow roots and can grow up fences, walls, poles, or other structures. Gardeners can use existing walls or create tents, trellises, or frames for their climbing plants. Climbing plants can also work in baskets because they simply drape over the edges and grow downwards.
Plants with shallow roots
Plants with shallow roots work well in frames, pockets, or columns. They do not require much space to grow, so gardeners can pack more of them into small spaces. Options include lettuce, succulents, hydrangeas, basil, and oregano. Some plants with deeper roots can also grow well in small spaces. Strawberries spread deep roots if given the chance, but they can also thrive with minimal soil space.
When creating vertical growing spaces, gardeners can work with upcycled materials, construction supplies, and gardening supplies such as pots and landscaping fabric. They should choose supplies based on growing needs, budget, and existing structures.
Upcycled materials work well with existing structures such as fences. Gardeners can be creative with old cans, bottles, old gutters, and fabric. They can nail these items to wooden walls and fences to create rows of pots. If nailing objects directly is not an option, gardeners can build their own structures. Old wooden pallets and old doors are great materials for building vertical garden walls, shelves, and frames.
If gardeners do not have any old wood lying around, they can build their own frames and walls using wood planks and pieces. New gutters and piping are also inexpensive DIY options; gardeners can install gutters onto walls and frames and drill circular holes into piping, fill them with soil, and then stake them into the ground to create a vertical growing column.
Common gardening supplies
Gardeners can creatively use gardening supplies to create vertical growing spaces. They can stack flowerpots on top of each other, with smaller pots secured into the soil of larger pots, to create columns. They can also use landscaping fabric, tarps, and frost insulation fabric to create growing pockets or to line growing frames.
How to buy wooden pallets on eBay
Wooden pallets are excellent materials for building vertical garden structures. You can use them to build shelves, walls, ladders, and frames. If you do not have any pallets at your disposal, sellers on eBay offer a huge inventory. A quick search for "wooden pallets" or "timber pallets" pulls up plenty of results. You can use filters to narrow down your results by condition, price, or item location. If you are buying a lot comprised of many pallets, you should consider finding a seller nearby, as they may be difficult to ship.