Making a quilt, rather than buying one, can be a highly rewarding project, but it requires the proper strategy and supplies to get the job done right. Endless patterns and designs can be used, allowing for plenty of creative preference when designing. Below is some information about the materials and techniques needed to start a quilting project.
Picking the Materials
Picking out the quilting materials is the first step. While one of the best choices for fabric is 100-percent cotton due to its durability and comfort, wool, or polyester are also acceptable. Quilters should choose different bolts or squares of fabric that they think will make a nice design. Picking solely one fabric for a simpler design is also an option, especially for beginners.
A number of additional materials, many of them found online, are needed to make a quilt, including the following items:
- Rotary cutter
- Matte cutting board
- Sharp scissors
- Clear ruler
- White cotton thread
- Cotton Batting
- Needle and thread or a sewing machine
- Long pins
- An iron and ironing board
- Seam ripper
Once the fabrics are selected and the design planned, it’s time to cut 10.2 cm squares from the fabric, which will later come together to form blocks. If quilters use 10.2 cm squares, they’ll want to cut nine squares each to form one block. From there, it will take 42 blocks to form a queen-sized quilt that is six blocks wide and eight blocks long. Keep in mind that any size of blocks can be used to make a smaller or bigger quilt. Cut down on sewing time by cutting out bigger squares for easier assembly.
To cut the squares, lay fabric out on a matte cutting board and use a clear ruler to measure squares. Cut out the squares of fabric using a rotary cutting blade. Remember to allow a 6 mm inseam around all the squares, as this extra space will be needed to sew the pieces together later. Quilters may want to iron their squares at this point to ensure they’re all smoothly connected in the end.
Sewing the Squares
Next, lay out all these squares on the floor to determine what the final pattern will look like. Feel free to rearrange your squares if the original pattern isn’t appealing. Then take two squares at a time and place them together so that the main side of each is facing each other. Use a basic cross stitch to sew only one side together, either by hand, or with a sewing machine.
Sewing the Quilt Together
After the squares are sewn together into blocks, the top portion of the quilt is finished. Take out a sheet, which should be cut to the same length as the top portion of the quilt. Lay this on the ground, then take the batting and place it on top. Batting is the stuffing used as the filler, which can be cotton or another material. Next, take the top layer of the quilt and place it on top of the other two layers. Pin all of these layers together.
Pick a thread that matches the quilt’s overall design. Starting from the centre of the quilt, sew through all three layers using a cross stitch, working around each square until the quilt is completely stitched together.
Add the Binding
The final step is to add a binding that will form the border of the quilt, and also to add a layer of protection for the seams. Cut four strips of fabric that are anywhere between 10 and 16 cm wide. The strips must be the same length of each side of the quilt. Be sure to add 25 mm to the end of each strip.
Along the long edges of each strip, make a 6 mm fold on both sides, and then iron it down. Next, fold the entire strip of cloth in half length ways. Taking the 6 mm folds made on each side of the strip, place that on the edge of the quilt, and pin each side in place on the top and bottom of the quilt’s edges. Sew the entire length of binding to each edge of the quilting until the entire border is finished. The result is a complete and beautiful quilt to add to a bed or sofa.