Matching two different kinds of wood is a tricky process. Different wood species contain varying characteristics in the look of their grain, their natural colour, and how they sand down. Oftentimes, homeowners face the dilemma of two wood species of differing species: pine and oak. They want to make the pieces match, but the woods look very different from each other. Fortunately, sanding and staining the pieces the right way makes them match very well.
Types of Wood
There are some important differences between pine and oak wood. These differences include appearance, texture, and relative hardness.
Very soft wood species
Straight grain patterns and large knots on an amber background
One of the hardest types of wood
Erratic grain patterns with a reddish tint
Fewer defects compared to pine
While there are some obvious characteristics that make pine and oak differ in how they look, they can be stained to look very similar to each other. Refurbishing wood is an enjoyable process with the right materials and techniques.
Sand the Wood
It is essential to sand down the pine. This is because pine can contain many defects that ruin the finish if not sanded down properly. To sand wood, use 100-grit sandpaper. Sander tools expedite the process, but doing the sanding by hand ensures an even finish. The 100-grit sandpaper sands down the wood, revealing the peaks and valleys in the wood.
A second sanding application uses 150-grit paper. This grit sands down the peak but does not shave down any more depth into the valleys. At this point, the defects in the wood are still visible.
The last sanding application uses 180-grit sandpaper. This is a coarse type of paper that sands down the wood to a smooth, even feel. In fact, the human eye cannot see the fine scratches that 180 grit leaves in the wood. After this last application, never use a higher grit of sand paper, as the stain will not set properly.
Apply Ageing Solution (Optional)
Some prefer to use the caustic soda method to give the paint an aged look, although this is not necessary. However, some experts claim that the ageing process ensures that the stain sets evenly and does not blotch. The method uses a mixture of sodium hydroxide and water to forcibly age the wood. Household drain cleaners commonly contain this chemical. The consumer should use a rag to apply the solution.
The wood acquires a yellow tint as the chemicals react to the oxygen in the air and begin ageing the wood material. After about 24 hours, the solution dries, leaving the wood with a dull grey-green colour.
Apply the Stain
Applying the right stain is essential to getting the pine and oak pieces to look alike. The trick is to refrain from using the same stain on both woods. This is because the woods are very different species from each other, so they will react in different ways to the stain. Using samples of the wood, test different types of stains and pigments to see what combinations work best on the woods.
A rag or sponge works well to apply the stain. Rubbing the stain in a circular motion applies it evenly, and then wiping the rest off with the grain prevents streaks. Use multiple applications if the stain looks too light.
Apply the Lacquer
There are many types of lacquer. Some experts suggest using an aerosol spray can that contains lacquer. Spray the lacquer on, holding the can 20 cm from the surface. After the first coat, sand the pieces again with 180-grit sandpaper. Apply any final touches with the last application.
How to Buy Pine Ageing Tools on eBay
To find the necessary tools for staining your pine wood to look like oak, simply enter the item you need in the search box on every vintage chests can find new life with these materials and techniques. Become familiar with the seller's online profile, including their feedback ratings, customer comments, and selling policies.