How to make Essential Oil blends for your Oil Burner

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Blending your essential oils

There is no secret to making blends of your essential oils for your Oil Burner or Diffuser.  All you need to know is what notes your oils are and then the ratios that apply to those notes.  When learning to blend your essential oils it is best to blend no more than three oils.  Once you gain more experience you can start to blend more.

Blending by Top, Middle and Base Note

Blending by Top, Middle and Base note is the easiest when starting out.  Lavabre (1) suggests that an Aromatherapy composition (blend) should have the following ratio of notes:

Top Notes: 20% - 30%
Middle Notes: 40% - 80%
Base Notes: 10% - 25%

What are Top, Middle and Base Notes?

Top Notes

Top Notes are generally citrus oils that are very light with green notes and fruity notes.  These oils form the blends initial impact.  Most citrus top notes can make up to 30% of the blend however, spicy oils such as Cinnamon and Clove should be used in small amounts.  Top Note essential oils include Aniseed, Basil, Bergamot, Cajaput, Cinnamon, Citronella, Clove Bud, Eucalyptus, Fennel Grapefruit, Lavender Spike, Lemon, Lemongrass, Lime, Mandarin, Nutmeg Penang, Orange Sweet Valencia, Peppermint Australian, Petitgrain, Pine Needles, Sage, Spearmint and Thyme Red.

Middle Notes

Middles notes are generally distilled from leaves and herbs.  These oils last longer in a blend than top notes and give it its fullness and warmth.  Middle Note essential oils include Chamomile, Clary Sage, Fennel, Geranium, Juniper Berry, Lavender (except Lavender Spike which is a top note) Marjoram, Rose, Rosemary Spanish and Rosewood.

Base Notes

Base Notes have a heavier aroma and longer lasting scent are are usually distilled from woods, resins and roots.  Their aroma lasts the longest in a blend.  Base Note essential oils include Cedarwood, Cypress, Frankincense, Ginger, Jasmine, Myrrh, Patchouli, Sandalwood, Vetiver and Ylang Ylang.

Now we can blend

Choose three essential oils; one top note, one middle note and one base note.  You should choose oils that are pleasant to your olfactory (sense of smell).  An example for your oil burner could be: Bergamot (Top Note), Rose (Middle Note) and Patchouli (Base Note).  Now that we have our oils we can start to blend. 

Fill your oil burner bowl with tepid water (do not use cold or boiling water).  Using the ratio's above and the general rule of oil burners (6 drops to a full bowl of water) we can determine that the ration for our blend will be:

Bergamot 2 drops
Rose  3 drops
Patchouli 1 drop

The top note of Bergamot will give you an initial burst of aroma which will gently give way to the warming scent of Rose and over time the Patchouli will come through to blend with the rose.  

The fun part about blending is experimenting.  Lavender can smell completely different when blended with lemon, than it will when blended with bergamot or peppermint.  Add in different base notes and the entire blend can give off an altogether different aroma.  We have 5ml sample packs which contain three 5ml essential oils.  Why not try blending with an oil that you have never used before? 

The above example can be used for an adult however, if there are elderly people or children present then half the amount should be used.  If babies are present then one quarter of the amount should be used.  Please read the cautions listed for individual essential oils by clicking the info button next to it in the Essential Oil - 10ml page and by reading the safety information sheet that accompanies your oils.  These cautions are listed as a guide only and may not be complete.  If in doubt please seek advice.  Only use the recommended amounts as stated on the bottle and your accessories.

Blending Favourites

  • Lemongrass, Lavender and Ylang Ylang - blend by Jeanne (Kilsyth, VIC)
  • Grapefruit, Lavender and Cypress - blend by Jeanne (Kilsyth, VIC)
  • Peppermint, Lavender and Rosewood - blend by Jennifer (Ed.)  (Using two middle and one top note you can blend: 1 drop peppermint, 2 drops Lavender and 2 drops Rosewood.  You can add one more drop of either the Lavender or the Rosewood to completely change the aroma.)
  • Geranium, Lemongrass and Sandalwood - blend by Jayne (Blue Mountains, NSW)
  • Bergamot, Chamomile and Marjoram - John (Davenport, TAS)
  • Lime, Lavender and Ylang Ylang - Rayleen (Perth, WA)

(1) Lavabre M. Aromatherapy Workbook.  Healing Art Press.  USA.  1997

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