When silent movies began making the transition into "talkies", the Hollywood community saw the need for an awards ceremony honouring achievements in film. Now, from acting and directing to animation and sound mixing, awards are presented to the best of the best for movies made through the course of each calendar year. While the award was nicknamed "Oscar" in the 1930s, the origins for the name are unknown. Officially rebranded as "The Oscars" in 2010, millions across the globe enjoy The Academy Awards ceremony each year, and its history offers many interesting statistics.
Shortest and longest ceremony
The first ceremony in 1929 held at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel in Los Angeles lasted a mere 15 minutes with awards handed out in 12 categories. Today, Oscars are given out in 24 categories, with events lasting roughly three hours on average. The longest Academy Awards ceremony took place on March 24, 2002. Hosted by Whoopi Goldberg, the event lasted four hours and 23 minutes.
Shortest and longest acceptance speeches
In 1963, Patty Duke made history for the shortest acceptance speech for Best Supporting Actress in "The Miracle Worker" with two words, "Thank you". Greer Garson set the record in 1943 for the longest speech delivered at five minutes and 30 seconds for her Best Actress win for "Mrs. Miniver". After Gwyneth Paltrow delivered an oratory that was about half as long in 1999 for "Shakespeare in Love", the academy began considering time limits. In 2010, Oscar producers started limiting speeches to 45 seconds with the use of a musical prompt, but not every winner obeys.
Highest number of awards for films
Three movies tie for the highest number of awards at 11 each. They are "Ben-Hur" in 1959, "Titanic" in 1997, and "The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King" in 2003. Three films, "It Happened One Night" in 1934, "One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest" in 1975, and "The Silence of the Lambs" in 1991 won all five of the major awards, including Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actor, Best Actress, and Best Screenplay.
Highest number of awards and nominations for individuals
Walt Disney won the most awards ever for one individual with 22 Oscars and four honourary Oscars. He also holds the record for the most Oscars won in the course of one year at four awards. Composer Alan Menken holds the record for the most Oscars won by a living person at eight. Fellow composer John Williams has the most Oscar nominations for a living person with 49, and Meryl Streep has the most nominations for acting with 18.
Youngest and oldest winners and nominees
At the age of 6, Shirley Temple won the Academy Juvenile Award in 1934, but Tatum O'Neal holds the official record for youngest winner with her Best Supporting Actress Oscar for "Paper Moon" in 1973. She was 10 at the time. Little Justin Henry was the youngest nominee at age 8 for "Kramer vs. Kramer" in 1979, while Gloria Stuart is the oldest nominee to date at 87 for her performance in "Titanic" in 1998. Christopher Plummer became the oldest actor to win an Oscar at 82 for his supporting role in "Beginners" in 2012.
Highest number of hosting appearances
Bob Hope holds the record for most host appearances for the Oscar ceremonies with 19, and he hosted the first televised event in 1953. Actor and comedian Billy Crystal comes in second with nine host appearances. The ceremonies have ensued without a host seven times; however, since 1989, a host has been part of the show.
Members of the academy
Nearly 6,000 people make up the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, the group that determines Oscar winners each year. A Board of Governors, which oversees the group's management and general policies, includes representatives from each branch: writing, directing, producing, and acting. Although most members of the Academy come from the United States, admission is open to qualified filmmakers worldwide.
How to buy Oscar-winning DVDs on eBay
Millions of movie-watchers gather each year in front of the television to view the Oscars. With 24 different categories, fans spend hours rooting for their favourite movies, directors, actors, and actresses. Shoppers can purchase Oscar-winning or Oscar-nominated films on DVD through sellers on eBay. Use the search engine on any page to type in the title of the film or the words "Oscar winning films". Narrow search results for particular years, titles, or actors and actresses. Purchasing items from Top-rated sellers and checking feedback ensures a positive buying experience.