Landscape Photography Basics

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Landscape Photography Basics

Capturing a beautiful vista like the mist rising over the mountains is a challenge, even for experienced photographers. In order to do justice to the scene, they have to get the lighting, scale, and clarity just right. Having knowledge of basic photography techniques helps anyone interested in taking their own shots capture the image that they want. From timing to filters to exposures, a lot of planning goes into taking landscape photos.


The right timing

The first step in capturing a landscape photo is to set up the photo at the best possible time. Since many landscape photos occur outdoors, Digital Camera World recommends taking the pictures when the sun is lower in the sky. This means that photographers should time the photo in the early morning or late afternoon or evening. Bright, cloudless days are best for capturing photos of the skyline. Overcast days create unusual shadows that photographers can highlight for effect.


Smaller aperture lenses to create depth

To keep elements in the foreground of the picture in focus while also keeping the background sharp, Exposure Guide and Digital Camera World suggest that photographers use a smaller aperture lens for their photos. The slow shutter speed of a smaller lens typically requires the use of a tripod for the camera to prevent shaking.


Focal point

Keeping a focal point in the landscape draws the eye and helps keep images in perspective. However, this does not mean placing the focal point at the centre of the picture. Writers at Digital Photography School recommend using the Rule of Thirds to place the focal point, which means making sure that it is located at the intersecting lines on the grid.


Wide-angle lenses

Wide-angle lenses automatically offer broader views, which make it easier to capture the whole landscape. The lenses allow for more light and faster shutter speeds. They also allow photographers to try out different camera angles for multiple perspectives.



Photographers use filters to help adjust colours and lighting in their images. Polarising filters help to cut out reflections and glare from sunlight. They can also increase colour intensity, contrast, and saturation. On a cloudy day, these filters make clouds seem more menacing, while they make the sky a deeper blue on a sunny day. Neutral Density filters prevent extra light from entering the lens and help to balance exposure. On bright days, they help capture the movement of the clouds without overexposure due to bright sunlight.


Movement for effect

Moving water and clouds create stunning effects in photographs. To accurately capture these images, photographers can use a long exposure lens and long shutter speeds. These shots turn out best in low light, so the use of an ND filter or timing the photo during the morning or late afternoon works best.


Different vantage points

While a straight-on perspective often captures the scene, looking at the landscape from a different point of view can create a unique image. Digital Photography School suggests that photographers try to take the image from somewhere higher up or getting down low to the ground. Photographers can also try shooting the same landscape from different angles to see how it changes the shot.


White balance

Modern DSLR cameras often come with automatic white balance that engages on its own to give photographers the best shot possible. However, if a photographer wants more control over his or her shots, they can turn off the white balance and shoot the pictures in RAW mode. This allows them to adjust the balance of the photograph at home using photo editing software.


Manual Shooting

To get the most control over a photograph, photographers can take all of their shots using the manual controls on their camera. Setting the aperture and shutter speed manually allows users to get the exact shot that they want. This gives them the ability to decide how much light to allow into a photo. While the camera can automatically adjust the lighting to brighten a picture if it deems the area too dark, a photographer can keep the darker image to create interesting silhouettes.


How to buy landscape photography supplies on eBay

Before you set out on your next landscape photography field trip, get the supplies that you need on eBay. You can find lenses, cameras, tripods, and more in their large inventory. To search for supplies, type the name of the item that you want into the search bar. You can look for items using a general description, such as "polarising filters", or you can use brand names to find specific items. Look for items offered by local sellers to shorten shipping times.

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