Moss Gardening.

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Interesting Moss Facts 
Moss has no root system it anchors itself to the ground using rhizoids. 
Moss has no vascular tissue for sending nutrients and water throughout the plant.
Moss gets its nourishment from the air, photosynthesis, and water. 
Under stressful conditions moss & lichens are able to temporarily stop growing and go dormant. 
Moss reproduces by means of spores which are very dependent on an ample supply of moisture. As moss does not take up moisture through a root system, it is much happier receiving moisture through misting or rainwater instead of a drenching. 
Planning a terrarium 
Closed, open or dish garden? 
The first step in planning a terrarium is to decide whether it will be open (no lid or cover) or closed. 
Closed terrariums retain the most humidity, followed by open terrariums and then dish gardens. 
Open terrariums and dish gardens require more frequent watering than do closed, but danger of disease build up is greater in the latter because of higher humidity. 
Containers 
A terrarium container should be made from clear glass or plastic. Tinted or cloudy glass greatly reduces light transmittance and interferes with plant growth. As long as it is clear, almost any type of container may be used: an empty fish bowl, fish tank, brandy snifter, old glass jar, jug, bottle. Containers specially designed for use as terrariums are also available. 
Closed containers should have transparent covers. Containers with small openings also are quite satisfactory. Containers with large openings without covers can be used but will require more frequent watering to maintain the high humidity needed by some plants. However, open terrariums are drier and less subject to disease. Containers with low sides are suitable for dish gardens and need not be transparent. 
Growing medium 
The growing medium used in terrariums must be clean, well drained and high in organic matter. A prepackaged peat-lite mix (blend of peat moss, vermiculite and perlite) is an excellent choice. Potting soils sold at garden centers and nurseries where plant supplies are sold are sterilized and 
ready for use.  
Light 
Most terrarium plants are in the medium light requirement category and need to be placed near a window with good light. If light from the window is low, supplement with artificial light. Ideally, a terrarium should be placed within several feet of a bright window but not in direct sun. Few plants tolerate low-light conditions for extended periods. For plants listed as low light a location no more than about 10 feet from a bright window should suffice. 
 Terrarium plants requiring bright light should be located close to a window, often in direct sun. Cacti or succulents in a dish garden benefit from such exposure. But do not put closed containers in full sun. 
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Tools needed:  
*Long sticks, either bamboo or 1/4-inch dowel rods. 
       Use to dig holes, move items and support plants while they are being planted. 
       The appropriate length depends on the height of the container. 
*Household scissors. 
       Use to prune plants before planting them. 
*Large kitchen spoon. 
       Use when placing growing median and drainage material in the container. 
 *A funnel made from paper or aluminum foil can be helpful for placing the growing 
          media into a container with a very small opening. 
*Atomizer or bulb-type sprayer 
     Use when misting and watering the terrarium.  
*Paint brush or makeup brush. 
    Use to dust excess dirt or debri  from moss or plant and to fluff up moss. 
Accessories 
Rocks, gravel and other natural materials — such as sticks, wood, seedpods and bark — provide  pleasing accessories in designing terrariums. Ceramic figures of frogs, mushrooms or snails can help to suggest a natural setting.  

Build your terrarium this way: 
1. Put down small stones. Save some for decoration on top too. 
2 .Now put organic soil on top of wet moss(Be sure to water soil well first time.) 
4. Time to put your moss/Lichens on top of soil, you can always move them around later. 
5. NO Direct Sun or Moss will cook in glass. Plant lights also work if no light around. 
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Watering 
A closed terrarium normally will not need water for 4 to 6 months. The failure of condensation to form on the inside of the container or the presence of wilting plants indicates the need for water. 
 Open terrariums need watering occasionally but not as frequently as other houseplants. A dish  garden, unless it is the desert type, will need frequent watering. Watering must always be light. 
 Because terrariums have no external drainage, heavy watering results in standing water in the gravel and charcoal, which encourages root diseases. The gravel and charcoal may help overcome occasional light over-watering, but frequent heavy watering will inactivate the system. When watering a closed terrarium, don’t replace the cover until wet foliage has dried. 

Other care 
Although a terrarium is designed for growing plants indoors with minimum care, it is not an  inanimate object. Some plants will thrive, and others may die. Occasionally, it will become necessary to remove certain plants or add others. When adding plants, take all precautions described for planting the new terrarium. Adding new problems is always possible when adding new plants. 
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