New South Wales 6d Rate Folded Letter

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New South Wales Postal History
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New South Wales Postal History
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New South Wales Postal History
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New South Wales Postal History
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New South Wales Postal History

1854 International Mail from Sydney to Scotland: Patterson Family

History:
The letter was written 22nd of December 1854 by the then 21 year old Andrew B. Patterson father of none other than Aussie folk hero 'Banjo' Patterson (born in 1854; the Author of Waltzing Matilda).


Around this time the family moved to the New South Wales town of Yass to farm sheep after both Andrew's father and Uncle had passed. The  letter is correspondence to the bank to  withdraw money from the family accounts to fund the purchase of the farm. 

Stamps:
Stamps on front are three individually cut 1854, plate 3, two penny Prussian blue laureates. Rare usage. The first stamp has a vertical filing crease and corner damage, but last two stamps have four clear to large margins.

Barred numeral cancel "44" is clearly stamped on all which is then tied to the reverse town stamp of Yass. On reverse the stamps of all four locations and dates of travel have been well preserved.  

Rate:
The 6d rate was divided as:
1d paid for horse and cart travel between Yass and Sydney.

Marked by the red 5 accountant mark
4d paid for travel by sea from Sydney to Edinburgh
1d paid for train travel from Edinburgh to Lenark 

Transportation:
"The Argo"- the first steam powered screw ship to circumnavigate the globe- which was completed the year before it carried this mail.
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