PATTERN 1907 BAYONET (P07) - British Makers & Volumes

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One of the most desirable and sort after bayonets is the well versed Pattern 1907 Bayonet (P07).

Overall Length - 21.75 in

Blade Length - 17.00 in

M.R.D. - 16.5 mm

The P07 bayonet fits the SMLE rifle and is one of the most broadly accepted rifles, used by many countries through many conflicts and tested over a considerable period of time.  The .303 rifle is one of Australia's favorite with the P07 the matching bayonet.

With high demand for these bayonets drawn from the collectors through to rifle owners desires for a bayonet attachment, it may be beneficial to share some broad points to the P07 creation, the various manufactures and the respective volumes produced. This information is primarily based on the British manufacturing of the P07. I respect many other countries used the P07, I am hoping to write a article at a later time for these countries, especially Australia - My home :)

         

The Pattern 1907 Bayonet was approved in the United Kingdom on the 30th January 1908, with a straight and single edge blade and a hooked quillon, no clearence hole was implemented.

Production levels upto 1911 for the P07 bayonet indicates estimates of:

  • R.S.A.F. Enfield (EFD / ENFIELD)  - 175,000
  • Wilkinson Sword Co. (WILKINSON) - 25,500
  • Sanderson Bros. & Neubold (SANDERSON) - 22,500
  • James A Chapman Ltd (JAC / CHAPMAN) - 14,200
  • Robert Mole & Son (MOLE) - 13,300

The hooked quillon was removed from the 29th October 1913 as part of implemented changes, as bayonets were returned for service the hooked quillon was removed. The Crossguard shows a slightly different and 'pointed' shape after removal compared to P07 bayonets manufactured without a quillon. It is very difficult to guage how many P07 hooked quillon bayonets still exist, it is likely only a small percentage of the hooked quillon versions are avaliable today and their respective collectability and value is ever increasing.

It is important to note that many 'Fakes' and 'Reproductions' have been seen in the market place. This is important to be aware of when investing into a genuine peice of bayonet history.

The other significant change we see with the P07 was a clearence hole introduction in early 1916 with bayonets returned for service modified to reflect this change. Again it is difficult to gauge the numbers of P07's that have not been altered with a clearence hole, is fair to assume that a minor number of P07 without the clearence holes is in the collectable market and adds value, rarity and intrigue to the display. It should be noted that these example without a pommel hole would have likely to have had a short service life.

By the end of the Great War the following is guide to estimate total production figures for the P07 bayonet:

  • Wilkinson Sword Co. (WILKINSON) - 2,360,000
  • Sanderson Bros. & Neubold (SANDERSON) - 1,600,000
  • R.S.A.F. Enfield (EDF / ENFIELD) - 500,000
  • James A Chapman Ltd (JAC / CHAPMAN) - 300,000
  • Remington Arms (REMINGTON) - 100,000
  • Robert Mole & Son (MOLE) - 60,000
  • Vickers Ltd (VICKERS) - 10,000

Special note - Vickers did not commence production till early 1917 with their particular P07 design incorporating a larger clearence hole in the pommel.

The finish for the P07 bayonet will vary considerably. Original production shows a polished blade with blued pommel and crossguard, with blades later showing a sandblasted, blued and parkerized finish. These variations in blade finish are would have occured anytime when the bayonets  would have been in for service or refurbishing / refreshing.

Many other countries used the Pattern 1907 bayonet, not only during the Great War but also WWII and other conflicts. Australia and Canada imported and used many British made P07's for their own Armed Forces. With countries like Australia commencing manufacture to their own P07 bayonets to supplement supply needed during both wars.

I hope this article was of interest or assistance - If yes please vote in the positive and I appreciate the time you have taken to read this article.

Regards,

Bayo_Madness

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