SEED PROPAGATION - Growing seedlings & other useful garden tips!

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Explore our short introductory, seed germination guide.
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Explore our short introductory, seed germination guide.

Brilliant plants, make stunning gardens

Stunning gardens start with brilliant plants and the best plants are grown from healthy seeds.
At The Climbing Fig we stock the freshest seeds of the very best modern varieties of herbs, vegetables, flowers, landscape & bonsai plants to ensure stunning results, time after time. 
IMPORTANT NOTE: Please be careful of certain sellers offering fake products such as seeds of a "black strawberry" or "blue rose", as well as offers that appear too good to be true. Since it can take several months or longer for seeds to reveal their true phenotype (appearance), many unscrupulous sellers unfortunately use this opportunity to peddle clearly fake seeds. As a discerning buyer, you have to ask yourself, if there was such thing as a rare black rose, would it be the guy selling translucent underwear, or men's belts, charged with distributing seeds of such a precious plant variety? Please save your time and money and only support reputable seed sellers.
Plants have an optimal seed germination season.
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Plants have an optimal seed germination season.

Step 1 - What to grow?

It's always good to do your research, to give yourself the best chance of achieving great results. First up, its important to choose varieties that do well in your climate. A great starting point is to drive around your neighbourhood and see which plant varieties thrive! The internet is also a great resource for determining the ideal climate for growing plant varieties you are interested in. Once you have decided on varieties, be sure to sow seeds during the appropriate season. It may be necessary to use a greenhouse, propagation kit with a dome or wait a little while before sowing. 
Cold-stratification stratification (dry) of seeds.
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Cold-stratification stratification (dry) of seeds.

Step 2 - Preparing seeds

In order to achieve optimal germination results, seeds of many plant varieties require certain pre-treatments, before sowing. Common pre-treatments involve sanding of the seed coat a process known as scarification or cold-treating seeds, a process known as stratification, by placing seeds into a refrigerator for 2 - 8 weeks. Stratification is intended to provide an over-wintering treatment for seeds, as a means of breaking seed dormancy, and initiating germination. There is both a wet and dry stratification method. The "dry method" simply involves placing seeds into a refrigerator, whereas the "wet method" involves, i) soaking seeds in water, ii) draining excess water, iii) placing seeds back into resealable bag together with a tablespoon of vermiculite or coir, to absorb excess moisture. Due to the risk of microbial growth in cool, dark and damp conditions, at The Climbing Fig™,  we normally recommend the "dry method".
250ml ready-to-use bottle of seed Jump-Starter™.
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250ml ready-to-use bottle of seed Jump-Starter™.

Step 3 - Treating seeds

For optimal seed germination results, we recommend use of  seed Jump-Starter™, an organic pre-treatment spray available in a convenient ready-to-use spray bottle. 
There is no need to be overwhelmed with pre-treatment requirements, as all seeds supplied by The Climbing Fig™ are provided with step-by-step sowing instructions on the seed packet.
Seedlings germinating through layer of vermiculite.
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Seedlings germinating through layer of vermiculite.

Step 4 - Sowing seeds

Follow seed sowing instructions to ensure seeds are sown into an appropriate propagation mix at the correct depth. Since it is important to maintain appropriate surface moisture during germination, the combination of sowing into  Jiffy® pellets  and covering seeds with vermiculite is usually a great combination. If you consider yourself a beginner, at The Climbing Fig™ we definitely recommend you consider using coir Jiffy® pellets for germinating your seeds, as they provide the most optimal germination conditions, with balanced moisture retention, air-filled porosity and seed-substrate surface adhesion.
Jiffy® pellets available in the seed Starter-Pack™ range.
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Jiffy® pellets available in the seed Starter-Pack™ range.

Seed Starter-Pack™ range

If you are unsure about where to start, one of the packs in the  seed Starter-Pack™ range, can be a great option.
Options in the range include various combinations of Jiffy® pellets, traysvermiculite, seed Jump-Starter™, fertiliser and instructions, to give you a helping hand, when getting started. If you are starting very fine seed that require humidity regulation for germination, or want better control over regulating the germination environment, you should also consider use of our Plant Propagation Kit.
The Climbing Fig - Plant Propagation Kit.
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The Climbing Fig - Plant Propagation Kit.

Plant Propagation Kit

The plant propagation kit is helpful in achieving optimal germination results, by regulating the propagation environment.
The plant propagation kit is available in a range of pack sizes with multiple trays, as well as options to add Jiffy® pellets, vermiculite and seed Jump-Starter™. This is the most popular option amongst amateur gardeners propagating seeds, as it is a quick and easy process for giving your seeds the best chance of germinating.
Healthy seedlings enjoying the morning sun.
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Healthy seedlings enjoying the morning sun.

Step 5 - Optimal Conditions

In order to achieve effective germination, seeds should be sown in the appropriate season and maintained under appropriate conditions. As a general rule, most varieties require a reasonable amount of sunlight (morning sun) and mild temperature of 18 - 24oC for optimal results. Detailed requirements are provided on all seed packets supplied by The Climbing Fig™.
Advanced seedling production.
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Advanced seedling production.

Step 6 - Nurturing Phase

Once the first seedlings start emerging (germinating), humidity and moisture levels should be reduced to prevent the remaining seeds from rotting. It is important to ensure seedlings receive sufficient light. Around 2 - 4 weeks after the first seedlings emerged, seedlings can be fertilised with a weak (10% of regular dilution) liquid fertiliser.
Seedlings in the plant propagation kit - ready to plant.
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Seedlings in the plant propagation kit - ready to plant.

Seedlings - Ready for Action

If everything has gone to plan your seedlings should now be ready for planting. As your seedlings mature, it is a good idea to "harden them off", by slowly reducing humidity (opening vents in the propagation kit), and increasing their exposure to sunlight. You are now ready to transplant.
Young seedling being transplanted into a garden.
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Young seedling being transplanted into a garden.

Step 7 - Transplanting

When deciding where to transplant seedlings, its important to ensure an appropriate aspect and adequate site preparation. Its usually a good idea to ensure the soil is high in organic matter and is well drained. Application of water holding granules and fertiliser at transplant can also assist.
Propagation kit, with Instant Garden Bed™ in the background.
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Propagation kit, with Instant Garden Bed™ in the background.

Instant Garden Bed™ Range

When deciding to transplant seedlings from the plant propagation kit, be sure to ensure the garden bed they are going into contains a soft, well-draining soil. We offer the Instant Garden Bed™ Range,  a popular garden bed option, particularly for setting up a quick herb or vegetable garden. The Instant Garden Bed™ Range is popular for setting up a kids garden, as it doesn't have any sharp edges, and is quick and easy to set-up. For more details, checkout our youtube video, below.

Other Useful Tips

  • SEED RAISING MIX - it is important to use a high quality, fine-grade seed-raising mix, as potting mixes are far too coarse for the germination of most varieties. The use of Jiffy® pellets is generally a convenient and cost-effective alternative with the advantage of being able to transplant seedlings with minimal transplant shock.
  • SOWING DEPTH - as a general rule, seeds should be sown 1 - 2 times the depth of the seed, however, it is best to refer to accurate instructions supplied by a reputable seed supplier. Covering seeds with a light sprinkle of vermiculite can improve germinations results significantly, particularly for varieties with fine seeds.
  • UNEVEN GERMINATION - due to natural variations in seed morphology, micro-environments in the propagation chamber a range of other factors, it is very common for seeds to germinate sporadically, particularly for exotic plant varieties. Whilst a warmer propagation environment (21 - 26oC) can often accelerate the germination process and result in more uniform germination, this is not always the case, particularly when the ambient day-length is relatively short.
We provide a range of premium propagation supplies
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We provide a range of premium propagation supplies

Range of Propagation Supplies

In addition to one of best ranges of premium seed varieties in Australia, for a great range of Jiffy® pellets, seedling trays, pots, labels, vermiculite and all your propagation supplies, be sure to check out out Pots & Propagation Supplies section of our eBay store.

We hope you enjoy your time outdoors & wish you all the best with your garden. Keep it green, The Climbing Fig™ team.
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We hope you enjoy your time outdoors & wish you all the best with your garden. Keep it green, The Climbing Fig™ team.

Disclaimer

Whilst every effort has been made to ensure this guide is as helpful and accurate as possible, the information contained herein is provided for general information purposes only and will not be suitable in all cases. Plant varieties are naturally highly variable, therefore the requirements for successful germination vary significantly between varieties. For these reasons, The Climbing Fig™ does not warrant, express or implied, the accuracy of any of the information in this guide and does not accept any responsibility for any damages that may result from the reliance on this information.
Instant Garden Bed™ Range | Product Overview | Instructions
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Instant Garden Bed™ Range | Product Overview | Instructions

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