SKIN CARE, TYPES & SCIENCE - A HELPFUL Q's & A's GUIDE

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Is basic skincare enough to keep skin healthy?

Is 'basic' ever enough? No. You cannot afford to leave your skin with just basic skincare. Everyday, your skin has to bear the harmful effects of sun exposure, pollution and stress, which can make it dark, patchy and blemished. To tackle these problems, what you ideally need is Specialist Skincare. Because 'Basic' just won't do. At Shivams.Com, we have a range of specialised products like Facial Scrubs, Skin Masks and Skin Vitalisers, and so on which are formulated to give you the special care that your skin deserves.

If soap can be used for the body, why not for the face?

Because there is a 'difference'. To understand it better, THINK! Do you wash your favourite satin dress the same way you wash your denims. Of course not? Similarly, use of body soap on your face can be harmful, because facial skin is more delicate and sensitive than the body. Therefore it suffers from more wear and tear. And is much more exposed to the environment, sun and pollution as compared to other parts of your body. Understanding this sensitive problem, Shivams.Com has searched the market for a 100% soap-free Face Wash range, which is natural, gentle and effective in cleansing your facial skin.

Does a peel-off mask pull out facial hair and make the skin sag?

No. Peel-Off Masks don't do that. Skin vitalisers does more than just peel off...It VITALISES your skin. How? with its unique and gentle Peel-Off action, the product only removes dirt, impurities and grime; Not your hair. In fact, skin vitalisers stimulate blood circulation and oxygen supply to your skin, which allows it to breathe normally. And with its naturally nourishing sometimes herbal ingredients, it vitalises and tightens the skin and doesn't let your skin sag either. The only after effect skin vitalisers will have on your skin is giving you a beautiful and an instant glow. But remember to Peel-Off from forehead down to your chin, so as to get best results.

Is regular scrubbing harmful to your skin?

Not at all. Instead, regular scrubbing aids in clearing your skin of all dead skin cells that get accumulated due to invariable exposure to sun, dust and pollution. Your skin needs exfoliation, so as to unclog the pores and scrub away impurities, dead skin cells, black heads and white heads. And routine cleansing is not effective enough for this task. So go ahead scrub your skin twice a week to renew your skin cells and get a fresh new skin every time.

What kinds of face masks are suitable for dry skin?

Dry skin is special because it's extremely sensitive in nature and warrants gentle care. what your dry skin needs is a specialized type of mask. Which is why we at Shivams.Com have searched and offer a variety of skincare products like clay based masks, herbal powder packs with neem, cucumber, sandalwood oil and so on. These help in maintaining and restoring the natural oil balance of your skin without leaving it dry and stretchy. Additionally, it works wonders on your skin complexion as it gives you clear and glowing skin.

Does stress have an impact on your skin?

Yes! Stress is damaging. It harms your skin. More stress equals more skin problems for you. Stress leads to poor blood circulation, leaving your skin dry, flaky and prone to irritation. Your skin becomes glowless as tension lines emerge. To counter this Shivams.Com offer a range of anti-aging products (see our listings for details).

Does your facial skin need a different moisturiser than the regular body lotions?

Yes! Your facial skin is very different from your body skin. Applying the same lotion won't work for both skins? As facial skin is most exposed to heat, dust and pollution it needs more deep-down nourishment than body skin. Unlike body lotion, a facial moisturiser contains more moisturising ingredients and skin essential oils that nourish your skin all throughout the year. A body lotion on the other hand contains more of natural ingredients that are soft on rough body skin. It is rich, creamy and non-greasy and protects your body skin from drying especially in winters.

What is exfoliation?

Exfoliation is the removal of dead skin cells that accumulate on the surface of the skin. Every two weeks, depending on the skin type and physiology of a person, skin cells die and need to be scrubbed away to allow new cells to make their way from the lower layers of the skin. Removal of dead skin cells helps give your skin a youthful and fresh look not only because new skin cells are fresh, but also because getting rid of dead skin cells allows your skin to absorb moisturizer more readily, thereby leaving the skin appear younger, brighter and smoother.

How much should one exfoliate?

Each one has his/her own time-clock when it comes to exfoliation. But on an average, skin cell growth occurs on a monthly cycle, which is why skin needs exfoliation at least twice a week to remove dead cells and impurities from inside the pores. If your skin is feeling sluggish, looking dull or lifeless or if you are experiencing lots of black heads or clogged pores, then you may need to exfoliate on a regular basis.

Why is scrubbing an important part of your regular skincare regime?

Dry and flaky skin is a result of accumulation of dead skin cells. As these cells build up, they form a barrier, which keeps moisture out and restricts skin's breathing. What your skin needs is exfoliation, so as to unclog the pores and scrub away impurities, dead skin cells, blackheads and whiteheads. And that is where regular scrubbing plays a major role. It aids in clearing your skin of all impurities by removing undesirable dead skin and making allowance for more effective absorption of moisture. Scrub your skin twice a week to renew your skin cells and get a fresh new skin every time.

Does sensitive skin need special scrubbing?

Yes. Sensitive skin needs extra care than normal skin because sensitive skin tends to get red and develop rashes faster than the normal skin. Using ragged loufas or scrubbing stones only cause more harm as they lead to skin irritation & rashes. Hence sensitive skin should be treated with mild exfoliation that deep cleanses pores from within and gently removes dead skin cells, blackheads and whiteheads.

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Do you know the full facts of Sun related Ageing?

Skin is often the first place to show ageing. 90% of the changes in our skin that we associate with ageing are actually due to sun exposure. There is overwhelming evidence that UVA and UVB rays of the sun cause premature wrinkling on the skin. Most skin damage occurs from incidental exposure without adequate protection while walking, jogging, cycling, driving and swimming. UV’s are the invisible ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) radiations from the sun. Both cause suntan, sunburn and sun damage. UVB rays cause skin damage and is responsible for most sunburns. Whereas UVA is responsible for most of the premature ageing signs. Not all Sunscreens protect skin against UVA and UVB rays.

What does Sun-Ageing lead to?

Sun's UVA rays - causes wrinkles, decreases elasticity of your skin, increases signs of premature ageing, dampens the skins defence system making it prone to infections. Sun's UVB rays - causes sunburn and helps to trigger tanning. Leads to premature ageing, rough leathery skin and pigmented spots.

What is SPF?

SPF stands for "Sun Protection Factor". The SPF reveals the amount of sun protection a sun block provides against the harm caused by the sun. For instance, SPF of 12 will delay the onset of sunburn on your skin, which would otherwise burn in 10 minutes; by protecting it against the sun for 120 minutes i.e. (12x10). Thus a Sun block with SPF of 12 gives 12 times more protection than what an unprotected skin gets against the sun.

Are "Sun Blocks" and "Sun Screens" the same thing?

No. They both provide sun protection for the skin, but they work differently while protecting. A "Sun Block" blocks the sun’s harmful rays from penetrating the skin by reflecting it. While a "Sun Screen" absorbs the sun’s harmful rays once it gets into the layers of the skin. However Sun Blocks are more advantageous in that they do not allow penetration of the sun into the skin. And they are often very effective for long periods or extreme sun exposure, swimming and sports.

What is Acne?

Acne is a common disorder of the oil glands when they secrete too much oil in the skin. This is characterized by recurring formation of blackheads, whiteheads and pimples. Acne occurs primarily on the face and sometimes on the back, shoulders, and arms. The incidence of acne is greatest during adolescence and also in cases of hormonal imbalances when hormones influence the secretion of oil glands. This happens particularly during stress and tension.

What causes Acne?

Causes of Acne can be dirt, oil and dead skin accumulated from inside the pores. It is caused by the four "trigger factors": excess oil, pore-clogging dead skin cells, acne, bacteria and inflammation. Hormones prompt oil glands to produce excess oil, which along with the dead skin cells gets trapped in the pores, provoking the skin cells in the pores to shed rapidly. These clogged pores are a perfect breeding ground for the irritating acne bacteria. And when bacteria build up, pimples can form and acne may develop. Thus when your skin tries to deal with the bacteria, it becomes inflamed, eventually causing a full-blown breakout. Other causes or contributing factors include allergies, oily fatty food, wrong dietary habits, hormonal imbalances & dehydration, environmental pollution, heredity and sun exposure.

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What is your skin type prone to?

Oily skin tends to be greasy with visible pores and has a shiny appearance. It tends to develop pimples and blackheads. The skin is often clogged, making it necessary to clean the skin thoroughly on a regular basis. The oil glands produce too much oil, which makes the skin prone to pimples mostly in adolescence.

Dry skin is characterized by lack of good fat or moisture caused by inadequate production of oil by the sebaceous glands (glands which release oil). It is more prone to forming wrinkles than any other skin type. People with this skin type should avoid washing their skin with soap, since soaps strip the skin of its natural oils and lead to excess dryness. Very few lucky people have an absolutely normal skin. Normal skin is completely healthy. In youth it is smooth, soft and has fine pores, but with age it becomes dry, wrinkled and marked with the so called 'age spots'. Normal skin needs no extensive special care, but one has to think of tomorrow.

Normal skin can be treated simply with a cleanser and scrubbing which removes the dead cells and reduces the effects of a bad environment.

What is pigmentation?

Pigmentation is the colour of melanin, produced by pigment cells called melanocytes in the basal layer of the epidermis. The major function of a melanin is to protect your skin from the ultraviolet rays of the sun. There are two main types or pigmentation. Hyper Pigmentation: dark patches from excess production of melanin or its abnormal distribution in the skin. This is mainly caused by excess exposure to sun and drugs. Hypo pigmentation: white patches from loss or decreased production of melanin.

What is skin pigmentation disorder? How does it happen?

Skin pigmentation disorders are conditions that cause the skin to appear lighter or darker, blotchy and discoloured than normal skin. The amount of melanin pigment present determines the colour of the skin. The more the melanin the darker your skin. Many factors determine the amount of melanin you produce and one of them is exposure to the sun.

What does skin pigmentation lead to?

This condition causes blotches and pale brown skin, which appears on the cheeks & nose and sometimes on your forehead too. In dark-skinned people, such patches appear lighter than the surrounding skin. It gives rise to freckles on your skin. Freckles are localized deposits of melanin-brown, round or oval pigmented areas on the skin. They occur most often in people with fair skin. The tendency to freckles is usually inherited and they become more numerous and darker in the sun. Freckled skin is often delicate and must be protected from the sun.

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