For any serious truck driver or off-road adventurer, it is never enough to know simply how something works. Serious players of the trucking or off-road game know how easily it is to be complacent by not studying their own machines. The truck winch might look deceptively simple, but there is a need for everyone who owns one, or would like to have one, to know the parts of this device inside out.
Why do we need to know these things anyway? The answer is simple: in the event that something goes wrong, you would know how to troubleshoot by simply knowing how to isolate the problem. For example, if you know the parts of your truck winch, you would know that if the remote control is not working, nothing is wrong with the drum or the engine.
The Parts of a Winch
The motor is where all the magic happens- these specially designed mini-engines combine the “juice” with modern-day hydraulics to deliver the power needed to pull whatever object that needs pulling. Typically, motors are durable, but never expose these to extremes of temperature, and never remove their housing.
The drum part of the winch is the region of the winch that spins powerfully backwards; this is the lever that allows for the winch to control the roll of cable that you invested in.
The cables on the other hand, handle and distribute the weight on the other end of the line. If the cables should snap, most truck winches are designed to detect sudden discrepancies in pressure and immediately stop to avoid hurting the operator.
The gear train is the partner of the motor- the strong, steel gears magnify the relative force of the motor to be able to deliver thousands of pounds of pulling force, transferring this power to the cables in the process.
The brake system is what gives you peace of mind when you're hauling up thousands of pounds. If something should go wrong, you can easily stop the motion of the winch to do quick repairs, or in some instances, release the load to avoid damage to the winch or your own vehicle.
The control system handles the basic job of telling the mechanized winch which way to pull. If the control system of your truck winch goes berserk, your friend's car might plummet back to the muddy embankment. Keep this part of the winch safe and dry always.
Truck Winches - Know Your Winch, Inside and Out
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17 March 2011
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