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Details about  Name Badge 1954 International Typographical Union 96th Convention

Name Badge 1954 International Typographical Union 96th Convention See original listing
Name-Badge-1954-International-Typographical-Union-96th-Convention
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Item condition:
Used

Minor tarnishing. 61 years old. Still glitters like gold.

Ended:
02 Mar, 2014 07:02:06 AEDST
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Approximately AU $4.81
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Item location:
San Diego, California, United States

Description

eBay item number:
390781113965
Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing.
Last updated on  24 Feb, 2014 23:43:17 AEDST  View all revisions

Item specifics

Condition: Used : Split the cost with friends
An item that has been used previously. See the seller’s listing for full details and description of any imperfections. See all condition definitions- opens in a new window or tab
Seller Notes: Minor tarnishing. 61 years old. Still glitters like gold.
 
International Typographical Union 1954 Convention Badge

The International Typographical Union held its 1954 convention in St. Paul, MN. My grandfather attended. This convention badge was part of the identification that went with that convention.

Name tag is 1-5/8 in. tall, 2 in. wide, and 3/16 in. thick. Metal portion is  gold in color, probably a copper alloy, given the color of oxidation. It depicts the Capitol Dome of the State of Minnesota.

The International Typographical Union (ITU) was a US trade union for the printing trade for newspapers and other media. It was founded on 3 May 1852 as the United States as the National Typographical Union, and changed its name to the International Typographical Union at its Albany, New York in 1869 after it began organizing members in Canada. The ITU was one of the first unions to admit female members, admitting women members such as Augusta Lewis, Mary Moore and Eva Howard in 1869.

Typographers were educated, economically mobile, in every major urban center with newspapers, and had the unique possibility to influence publicity in favour of their cause. This led the union to the forefront of improving working conditions. ITU President W.B. Prescott led the ITU in 1897 to win a 48-hour work week and a standard wage scale for all printers. During the Great Depression, the ITU introduced the 40-hour work week across the industry at no cost to employers as a way to share the fewer jobs available. That ITU initiative spread to other unions and has since been codified across the labor sector by federal legislation in the U.S. establishing the 40-hour work week.

The ITU had a unique system of factional opposition in its democratic elections, documented by Seymour Martin Lipset in his co-authored book Union Democracy: The Internal Politics of the International Typographical Union (1957).[1] The local scale committees worked for a decent wage while the executive council sent ITU representatives to assist local unions in contract negotiations. All contracts had to be approved and ratified by both the Executive Council and the newspaper publisher. For most of its history, the ITU benefited from friendly and strong competition between Independents and Progressives for control of the union.

As the work of typographers' declined with automation, computers and mechanization of the print media, the ITU was disbanded. In 1986, a majority of ITU mailers voted to merge with the International Brotherhood of Teamsters and the remaining typographers joined the Communications Workers of America. Before its dissolution, the ITU was the oldest union in the United States.

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