This concise, user-oriented and up-to-date desk reference offers a broad introduction to the fascinating world of medical technology, fully considering today's progress and further development in all relevant fields. The Springer Handbook of Medical Technology is a systemized and well-structured guideline which distinguishes itself through simplification and condensation of complex facts. This book is an indispensable resource for professionals working directly or indirectly with medical systems and appliances every day. It is also meant for graduate and post graduate students in hospital management, medical engineering, and medical physics.
This up-to-date, user-oriented reference offers a broad, yet sophisticated introduction to the expanding world of medical technology. In a present where medicine and technology seem always to have been entwined, it offers a comprehensive account of decades of progress up to today, and a detailed consideration of developments yet to come in all relevant fields. Research and application-oriented, the Springer Handbook of Medical Technology is a systematic and well-structured guide which distinguishes itself by simplifying and condensing a myriad of complex facts. This book is an indispensable everyday resource for all professionals working with medical systems and appliances.
Dipl. Ing. Rudiger Kramme is visiting lecturer of medical technology at the University of Applied Sciences in Giessen, Germany. He has a longstanding relation with medical technology industry and is professionally working at the planning and projecting of university hospitals. Prof. Hoffmann is leader of the Department Medical Technology and Neuroprothetics at the Fraunhofer Institute of Biomedical Technology in St.Ingbert, Germany. Prof Robert Pozos is Professor of Biology at the College of Sciences, San Diego State University, CA, USA.
Part A: Medical Technology Basics Part A covers the basic concepts of using medical technology for clinical applications. It focuses on its role and significance as well as safety aspects and quality management, and addresses questions of usability. Economic, ethical, and social issues are discussed in detail. Ethical reflections on the relationship between medicine and technology are presented, including also the question of hygiene to protect employees as well as patients in this context. Chap.1. Technology in Medicine Chap.2. Medicine Is More Than Applied Technology for Human Beings Chap.3. Hygiene in Medical Technology Chap.4. Technical Safety of Electrical Medical Technology Equipment and Systems Chap.5. Quality Management in Medical Technology Chap.6. Usability of Medical Devices Part B: Functional Diagnostics Devices Functional diagnostics devices are used to display the patient's status using objective methods. Physicians use many different biosignals to reach a differential diagnosis or control a therapy. Part B presents the different methods and devices used, especially in the fields of cardiology, audiology, neurology, ophthalmology, and pulmonology. The chapters deal with the corresponding methods, devices, and their applications in clinical practice. Basic cardiology diagnostics can determine cardiac electrical action potentials at rest and under stress to assess heart functions. Through pulmonary function tests the functionality of the lungs can be measured. Methods in clinical neurophysiology as enable the physician to evaluate the function of the central and peripheral nervous systems as well as the muscular system. To check the human auditory system, pure-tone audiometry, speech audiometry, impedance audiometry, and evoked potentials are used. This part also covers the major ophthalmologic techniques, including evaluation techniques for the refractive part of the eye, methods to evaluate the optical nerve, imaging of the retina, and measurement of intraocular pressure. It concludes with functional force assessment of skeletal muscles. Chap.7. Basic Diagnostics in Cardiology Chap.8. Pulmonary Function Testing Chap.9. Devices and Methods in Clinical Neurophysiology Chap.10. Sleep Diagnostic Systems Chap.11. Nystagmography Chap.12. Audiometry Chap.13. Measurement Techniques in Ophtalmology Chap.14. Functional Force Assessment of skeletal Muscles Part C: Medical ImagingThe chapters in Part C present medical imaging as a technique and process used to create images of the human body for clinical purposes. Theoretical, clinical, and scientific knowledge about the different imaging methods and their applications are explained. In Chap. 15, digital radiography in general is discussed,while computed tomography is presented with a focus on the generation and detection of x-rays as well as image reconstruction in Chap. 16, followed by chapters on interventional radiology procedures such as digital subtraction angiography and cone-beam computed tomography, including navigation. Further chapters are devoted to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), magnetic particle imaging, and MR guided interventions and surgery. MRI components, basic principles, materials, contrast agents, and applications as well as safety aspects are also discussed. The use of infrared radiation for imaging variations in skin temperature related to local metabolic differences is also included. Finally, endoscopy and ultrasound diagnostics are presented. Chap.15. Digital Radiography Chap.16. Computed Tomography Chap.17. Ultrasound Diagnostics Chap.18. Medical Infrared Imaging Chap.19. Endoscopy Chap.20. Cone-Beam Computed Tomography and Navigation Chap.21. Interventional Radiology - Angiography Chap.22. Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) Chap.23. Magnetic Resonance ImagingChap.24. Magnetic Particle Imaging Chap.25. MR-Guided Interventions and Surgery Chap.26. Devices and Materials in MRI Part D: Therapeutic DevicesPart D consists of chapters describing real therapeutic devices, and chapters which give an overview of different systems for rehabilitation. The chapters present therapeutic devices including long-term ventilators for intensive therapy, inhalation anesthesia devices, extra corporeal blood purification systems, and heartlung machines as well as medical radiation therapy, including its planning and treatment. Additionally, defibrillators and implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) systems, laser systems, mechanical circulator support systems as well as the application of shockwaves and pressure pulses are highlighted. The chapters on rehabilitation give an overview of various systems related to the theoretical and applied knowledge of functional electrical stimulation in rehabilitation as well as neural interfaces for implanted stimulators. A short summary of neuoprosthetics and implantable microsystems is also included. Additionally, examples of commercially available devices and systems are illustrated. Cardiac devices, cardiac pacemaker systems, and testing devices including those for biological factors are discussed. Different visual prostheses are presented, together with a concluding chapter on rehabilitation and therapeutic robotics. Chap.27. Long-Term Ventilators for Intensive Therapy Chap.28. Defibrillators and ICD Systems Chap.29. Laser Systems Chap.30. Inhalational Anesthesia Devices Chap.31. Extracorporeal Blood Purification Systems Chap.32. Heart-Lung Machines Chap.33. Application of Shock Waves and Pressure Pulses in Medicine Chap.34. High-Frequency Surgery Chap.35. Medical Radiation Therapy Chap.36. Medical Circulatory Support Systems Chap.37. Neural Interfaces for Implanted Stimulators Chap.38. Cardiac Pacemaker Systems Chap.39. Introduction to Neuroprosthetics Chap.40. Implantable Microsystems Chap.41. Visual Prostheses Chap.42. Rehabilitation and Therapeutic Robotics Chap.43. Cardiac Devices and Testing Chap.44. Functional Electrical Stimulation in Rehabilitation and Neurorehabilitation Chap.45. Treatment Planning and Patient Treatment Part E: Monitoring The chapters in Part E outline different monitoring methods. First, the scientific and theoretical foundations of recording and processing of biosignals as well as the different monitoring systems are treated. The topics addressed include theories, methods, and applications of cardiovascular, respiratory, metabolic, cerebral, fetal, and neonatal monitoring systems. The basic principles, sensors, and devices are described. One chapter is devoted to each of these topics. This part concludes with chapters on intraoperative neuromonitoring and ionic neural sensing. Chap.46. Recording and Processing of Biosignals Chap.47. Monitoring Systems Chap.48. Cardiovascular Monitoring Chap.49. Respiratory Monitoring and Pulse Oximetry Chap.50. Temperature Monitoring Chap.51. Cerebral Monitoring Chap.52. Brain Computer Interface Chap.53. Fetal Monitoring Chap.54. Neonatal Monitoring Chap.55. Intraoperative Neuromonitoring Chap.56. Ionic Neural Sensing Part F: Medical Information Processing and Communication Part F covers a wide range of different medical information processing and communication systems, including telemedicine. The first chapter provides basic knowledge by concentrating on the fusion of medical engineering and information. Standards for interfaces, data structures, and their integration into medical devices are discussed. Communicating medical systems, networks, hospital information systems, radiology information systems, and picture archiving and communication systems are outlined, as they form the backbone of modern hospitals. Chapters are also devoted to the fundamentals of medical image processing, three-dimensional (3-D) postprocessing, virtual reality, as well as computer-supported teaching and learning systems. As an example for computer modeling in medicine, electrical stimulation of the nervous system is explained. An overview of telemedicine in Germany, e-health systems, and telemedicine using active implantes completes this part. Chap.57. Fusing Medical Engineering and Information Technology Chap.58. Communication Medical Systems and Networks Chap.59. Hospital Information Systems Chap.60. Telemedicine in Germany Chap.61. Telemedicine Using Active Implants Chap.62. Fundamentals of Medical Image Processing Chap.63. Virtual Reality in Medicine Chap.64. Computer-Supported Teaching and Learning Systems in Medicine Chap.65. PACS and RIS Chap.66. 3-D Postprocessing in Virtual Endoscopy Chap.67. e-Health - Ambiant Assisted Living and Personal Health Systems Chap.68. Electrical Stimulation of the Nervous System Part G: Equipment and Tools The last part of the Handbook is concerned with different innovative types of equipment and tools for medical use. It starts with a description of operating tables as the surgeon's workplace, and surgical scissors. Technical aspects of medical robotics and its clinical application follow. Incubators are presented as devices to stabilize and maintain the thermal balance of premature and newborn babies. Tools such as intelligent textiles and electronics in medicine are discussed. Chap.69. Operating Tables Chap.70. Medical Robotics Chap.71. Incubators Chap.72. Surgical Scissors Chap.73. Intelligent Textiles and Trends Chap.74. Electronics in Medicine Appendix.- About the Authors.- Subject Index
From the reviews: "This book is ideal for those who want to become concise and fast informed about a special medical technology or would like to deepen their up-to-date knowledge about technological topics: in a total of 74 chapters almost the whole actual technology used in medicine for diagnostics or therapeutics from large equipment to small modern tools is presented in combination with informative tables and figures. Each chapter starts with a summary ... and closes with references for further individual studies." (Christian Kollmann, Ultraschall in der Medizin, Vol. 33, 2012)