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- DescriptionThe 19th century is generally considered the time frame in which the disciplines of architecture and engineering irrevocably parted ways. Although the development of civil engineering as an independent discipline had already begun before the industrial revolution, it proceeded rapidly during the period of industrialisation in conjunction with several other influences. Among those were processes of social transformation in Europe, the development of specialised fields of activity in all professions as a function of changed conditions of production, fundamental techlogy euphoria in the widespread belief in progress, as well as the development and application of new materials. Especially the building material iron and the associated new types of constructions and typologies can be characterised as typical for that phase of industrialisation. A period of experimentation and discovery occurred in the quest for appropriate methods and forms of construction - built objects continuously confronted physical and cultural boundaries. At a time when the engineers increasingly oriented to the physical sciences, the new homogeus, formable building material symbolically represented the promise of new, groundbreaking theories and precise computing methods in the comprehensive monitoring and new definition of the bearing structure. The architectural potential represented by a freely formable iron mass opened up a great number of forms which often oriented to classicism or the Romanesque. Within architecture during the second half of the 19th century the stubborn striving towards old styles in the context of the use of the new material from a straightforward, engineering standpoint lead to an often deplored architectural crisis.
- Author BiographyMario Rinke, born in 1979, engineering study at the Bauhaus-Universitat in Weimar. In 2007 he worked in the London engineering office of Ramboll Whitbybird, before moving to the ETH in 2008 to the chair of structural design. Joseph Schwartz, born in 1957, received his master's degree in 1981 and his doctorate in 1989 in the Department for Civil engineering at the ETH in Zurich. Prof. Schwartz runs his own engineering office with headquarters in Zug and works closely with several leading Swiss architects. He is a member of the board of the professional group for bridge building and structural engineering and president of the Masonry Commission SIA 266.
- Author(s)Joseph Schwartz,Mario Rinke
- PublisherNiggli Verlag
- Date of Publication01/01/2010
- SubjectCivil Engineering & Environmental Engineering
- Place of PublicationSulgen
- Country of PublicationSwitzerland
- ImprintNiggli Verlag
- Content Note153 b&w, 20 col
- Weight760 g
- Width160 mm
- Height240 mm
- Spine26 mm
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