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- DescriptionAn excerpt from the PREFACE: THE value of Drawing as a means of education cant be over-estimated. For some years past attention has been directed to this branch of the school curriculum, but more especially since Pestalozzi and Friedrich Frobel pointed out the significant part it plays in the development of the little child. The first expressions of the baby are shown in the movements of the arms and legs, in screams, and later on in various guttural sounds, but after a certain period of the development of purely animal strength, the child desires to touch and handle everything he sees: second only to the need of movement is that of touch. For a time the mere feeling and grasping surrounding objects contents him, but he will soon need something more: it is a necessity of the child's mind to give out again in concrete form the ideas and images which it has taken into itself, and thus to fix in clear objective shape the dim undefined images floating in its little brain. As a step towards this, the child's favourite occupation is to dabble its hands in some soft substance such as earth, clay, putty, and sand. Gradually he attempts to mould something he has seen in these pliable substances, and modeling becomes one of the first necessities of the child's life. When clay and sand are t to be obtained he uses sticks, beads, bricks, shells: anything and everything will be made to play their part in the construction of wonderful edifices. Later on drawing will be attempted as ather means of making clear the child's own impressions of the external world. The outlines of things are first perceived by the child. Notice how the baby will feel all round the lines marking the limits of different things: the edge of the table, his chair, and toy. The principal lines are ticed and drawn first: there are curves, surfaces, fillings in of any description. The most uncivilised races make use of straight lines only when ornamenting their gourds, shields, and household utensils; the curve seems to mark a considerable degree of artistic culture, and as the baby develops in exactly the same order as does the race, we find the earliest representations of the little child to be straight lines - a bird flying overhead, a tree, a dog, a man, are all represented at first by a straight line in different positions. A large tray filled with sand is an invaluable addition to nursery requisites. On this the child may receive his first drawing lessons. Either by means of a pointed stick, or with the child's own finger, all kinds of objects may be drawn. Later on a small black-board of about 28 x 20 inches in dimension will partly take the place of the sand tray. Where a black-board cant be obtained a yard of black unglazed American cloth stretched on thick cardboard or a small drawing-board will form an excellent substitute. Provide the child with a large overall, a duster, and some pieces of white and coloured chalks, and his happiness will be complete. One by one should the mother introduce a fresh form, and show her child how to improve his own productions....
- Author(s)M Swannell
- Date of Publication05/03/2014
- FormatPaperback / softback
- SubjectHistory: World & General
- Country of PublicationUnited States
- Content Noteblack & white illustrations
- Weight231 g
- Width216 mm
- Height279 mm
- Spine5 mm
- Format DetailsTrade paperback (US),Unsewn / adhesive bound
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