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About this product
- DescriptionIn her essay collection First, Second, and Other Selves: Essays on Friendship and Personal Identity, well-kwn scholar of ancient philosophy Jennifer Whiting gathers her previously published essays taking Aristotle's theories on friendship as a springboard to engage with contemporary philosophical work on personal identity and moral psychology. Whiting examines three themes throughout the collection, the first being psychic contingency, or the belief that the psychological structures characteristic of human beings may in fact vary, t just from one cultural (or socio-historical) context to ather, but also from one individual to ather. The second theme is the belief that friendship informs an understanding of the nature of the self, an idea that springs from Whiting's uncommon reading of Aristotle's writings on friendship. Specifically, Whiting explains a scenario in which a virtuous agent adopts a kind of impersonal attitude both towards herself and towards her character friends, loving both because they are virtuous; this scenario ties in with an examination of the Aristotelian concept of the ideal friend as an other self, or a friendship that evolves from character rather than ego, as well as Whiting's meditation on whether or t a virtuous individual should have a special sort of concern for her own future self, distinct in kind from the concern that she has for others. The third theme is that of rational egoism, a concept that Whiting critiques, especially in the context of Aristotle's eudaimonism. The central tenet of the collection is the message that taking ethocentric (or character-based) attitudes both towards ourselves and towards our friends sheds light on the nature of personal identity and helps to combat ethcentric and other objectionable forms of bias, a message that is becoming increasingly urgent in light of the recent deaths of Trayvon Martin and Michael Brown.
- Author BiographyJennifer Whiting is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Pittsburgh.
- Author(s)Jennifer Whiting
- PublisherOxford University Press Inc
- Date of Publication16/06/2016
- Place of PublicationNew York
- Country of PublicationUnited States
- ImprintOxford University Press Inc
- Weight516 g
- Width164 mm
- Height240 mm
- Spine26 mm
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