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- DescriptionWhat does talk of meaning mean? All thinking consists in natural happenings in the brain. Talk of meaning though, has resisted interpretation in terms of anything that is clearly natural, such as linguistic dispositions. This, Kripke's Wittgenstein suggests, is because the concept of meaning is rmative, on the 'ought' side of Hume's divide between is and ought. Allan Gibbard's previous books Wise Choices, Apt Feelings and Thinking How to Live treated rmative discourse as a natural phemen, but t as describing the world naturalistically. His theory is a form of expressivism for rmative concepts, holding, roughly, that rmative statements express states of planning. This new book integrates his expressivism for rmative language with a theory of how the meaning of meaning could be rmative. The result applies to itself: metaethics expands to address key topics in the philosophy of language, topics which in turn include core parts of metaethics. An upshot is to lessen the contrast between expressivism and nnaturalism: in their strongest forms, the two converge in all their theses. Still, they differ in the explanations they give. Nonnaturalists' explanations mystify, whereas expressivists render rmative thinking intelligible as something to expect from beings like us, complexly social products of natural selection who talk with each other.
- Author BiographyAllan Gibbard is Richard B. Brandt Distinguished University Professor of Philosophy at the University of Michigan. He is the author of Reconciling our Aims: In Search of Bases for Ethics (OUP, 2008), Thinking How to Life (Harvard, 2003), and Wise Choices, Apt Feelings (Harvard/OUP, 1990).
- Author(s)Allan Gibbard
- PublisherOxford University Press
- Date of Publication02/10/2014
- Place of PublicationOxford
- Country of PublicationUnited Kingdom
- ImprintOxford University Press
- Content Noteblack & white illustrations
- Weight438 g
- Width158 mm
- Height235 mm
- Spine17 mm
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