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- DescriptionThe discovery of multiwalled carbon natubes(CNTs) in 1991 and the subsequent discovery of single-walled CNTs in 1993 have led to a worldwide excitement to explore their fundamental properties and potential device applications. A sing- walled CNT is structurally a sheet of graphene rolled into a seamless tube, which possesses a diameter of the order of a nameter but a length thousands of times greater. The large aspect ratio and small cross section size make it nearly an ideal, quasi-one-dimensionalsystem, which has provided a concrete context for chemists, physicists,andengineersto collaborativelyworktogetherin the?eld ofnascience and natechlogy. As a result of such efforts in the last two decades, superior electrical, optical, and mechanical properties of CNTs have been theoretically p- dicted and experimentally demonstrated. The unique material properties of CNTs have made it interesting for a variety of applications. For example, depending on the orientation of its graphene lattice relative to the natube axis, the CNT can be either metallic or semiconducting. This property makes the material interesting for developing t only nascale semiconductor devices but also a new interc- nect techlogyto competewith the state-of-theart copperinterconnecttechlogy. The property has also imposed yet-solved challenges in the ?eld. For example, one of the major challenges that holds CNTs back from electronic application is how to produce pure all-semiconducting CNTs, based on which a device that can be effectively turned off can be built.
- Author BiographyChangxin Chen received a Ph.D. degree in Microelectronics and Solid-State Electronics from Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China. He is currently an Assistant Professor of Research Institute of Micro/Nano Science and Technology in Shanghai Jiao Tong University. His research interests cover carbon nanotube electronics and optoelectronics, novel semiconductor or nano devices, and nanofabrication and nanoassembly, etc. He has authored or coauthored more than 30 papers in scientific journals and is the holder of several patents in the micro/nano electronics area. Yafei Zhang is the Chair Professor of Nanomaterials and Nanoelectronics, Research Institute of Micro/Nanometer Science & Technology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Prof. Zhang received his B.Sc. in 1982, M.S. in 1986 and PhD degree in 1994 from the Lanzhou University of China, all in Condensed Physics. He was a Research Scientist, and Visiting Professor at the Centre of Super-Diamond and Advanced Films, City University of Hong Kong from 1996 to 1998, a Senior Research Scientist, in the Japan National Institute for Research in Inorganic Materials from 1998 to 2001. He joined the Shanghai Jiao Tong University in 2001 and established a research team in the field of nanomaterials and nanoelectronics. His research interests including nanoelectronic devices constructed by nanomaterial arrangement, single-walled carbon nanotubes and related sensors, nanowire-based single electronic devices, multibarrier electron tuning devices, SiC nanowhiskers and related functional devices, Si nanowires and photocatalytic films of TiO2. He has authored or coauthored over 250 papers and 36 patents.
- Author(s)Changxin Chen,Yafei Zhang
- PublisherSpringer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH & Co. KG
- Date of Publication05/09/2009
- SubjectTechnology: General & Reference
- Series TitleNanoscience and Technology
- Place of PublicationBerlin
- Country of PublicationGermany
- ImprintSpringer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH & Co. K
- Content Note43 black & white illustrations, 26 colour illustrations, biography
- Weight372 g
- Width155 mm
- Height235 mm
- Spine12 mm
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