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- DescriptionIn recent years, international trade in toxic waste and hazardous techlogies by firms in rich industrialized countries has emerged as a routine practice. Many poor countries have accepted these deadly imports but are ill equipped to manage the materials safely. For more than a decade, environmentalists and the governments of developing countries have lobbied intensively and generated public outcry in an attempt to halt hazardous transfers from Northern industrialized nations to the Third World, but the practice continues. In her insightful and important book, Jennifer Clapp addresses this alarming problem. Clapp describes the responses of those engaged in hazard transfer to international regulations, and in particular to the 1989 adoption of the Basel Convention. She pinpoints a key weakness of the regulations-because hazard transfer is dynamic, efforts to stop one form of toxic export prompt new forms to emerge. For instance, laws intended to ban the disposal of toxic wastes in the Third World led corporations to ship these byproducts to poor countries for recycling. And, Clapp warns, current efforts to prohibit this recycling movement may accelerate a new business endeavor: the relocation to poor countries of entire industries that generate toxic wastes. Clapp concludes that the dynamic nature of hazard transfer results from increasingly fluid global trade and investment relations in the context of a highly unequal world, and from the leading role played by multinational corporations and environmental NGOs. Governments, she maintains, have for too long failed to capture the initiative and have instead only reacted to these opposing forces.
- Author BiographyJennifer Clapp is Professor and Canada Research Chair of Global Food Security and Sustainability, Department of Environment and Resource Studies and Balsillie School of International Affairs, University of Waterloo. She is a Trudeau Fellow and author of a number of books, including Hunger in the Balance: The New Politics of International Food AidandToxic Exports: The Transfer of Hazardous Wastes from Rich to Poor Countries, both from Cornell, and Food. She is also coauthor of Paths to a Green World and coeditor of several books.
- Author(s)Jennifer Clapp
- PublisherCornell University Press
- Date of Publication01/02/2010
- SubjectEconomics: Professional & General
- Place of PublicationIthaca
- Country of PublicationUnited States
- ImprintCornell University Press
- Content Note5
- Weight342 g
- Width152 mm
- Height229 mm
- Spine11 mm
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