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- DescriptionThis is an overview of the factors tyre compounders and engineers must consider when developing compounds for tyres, to meet the demanding performance requirements of the 21st Century. It provides an excellent introduction to a complex subject, but will be of interest to the tyre and automotive industries as it covers the latest developments and future prospects for tyres and tyre compounds, and is well referenced. Tyres must support the load of the vehicle, transmit the driving, braking and cornering forces from the vehicle in all weather conditions, envelop obstacles in the road without detracting from ride comfort, and, above all, tyres should t puncture and fail during use. Tyres comprise several different components, each with potentially varying formulations: the inner liner, the carcass, the bead, the apex, the sidewall, the belt, the cap-ply and the tread. These are described separately. Tyre performance is measured in a number of different ways, and the application of the tyre itself will influence the choice of tests. The key performance properties for tyres have been described as the 'magic triangle', i.e., rolling resistance, wear and wet grip. The art of compounding is to balance out all of these performance requirements for the tyre and to relate the test results on built tyres to the rubber compounds and processes used in production. This review discusses compounding ingredients for tyre rubbers by class including polymer types. Compounds are tested before being used, examining properties such as rheological behaviour and tensile and tear strength. The future of tyres in vehicles is outlined. There is potential for tyres to include sensors to provide feedback about road conditions to vehicle control systems. In addition, most manufacturers w have products which will run for a short distance even after air is lost, made using much stiffer sidewall compounds.
- Author BiographyDr Evans is currently working as Special Advisor, Materials at the Kumho European Technical Centre. He is responsible for providing information on new developments in tyre materials and is involved in material testing and product evaluation. He has many years of experience of the tyre industry through his previous employment at Dunlop Tyres as a compounder, tyre research scientist and as manager for the materials department.
- Author(s)M.S. Evans
- PublisherSmithers Rapra Technology
- Date of Publication01/08/2001
- SubjectIndustrial Chemistry & Manufacturing
- Series TitleRapra Review Reports
- Series Part/Volume Numberv. 12, No. 8, Report 140
- Place of PublicationShrewsbury
- Country of PublicationUnited Kingdom
- ImprintRapra Technology Ltd
- Content Note1fig.
- Weight355 g
- Width210 mm
- Height297 mm
- Spine7 mm
- Format DetailsTrade paperback (US)
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