This book highlights the essentials of health and health systems in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. It then compares these national data with the average data for three groups: their own, the 15 countries that were members of the EU before 1 May 2004 and the 27 current EU Member States. Each chapter provides a concise overview of key health indicators in 1 of the 8 countries, summarizes the key features of the country's health system and describes the results of over a decade of health system reform. This popular series offers a quick and easy way to grasp the health essentials in a visually attractive format. Comparisons are a compelling source of information that policy-makers and stakeholders, both within countries and internationally, can use to take action against health disparities and alleviate the striking differences in health status among citizens across the WHO European Region.