Waves of modernizing forces, such as the commercialization of new techlogy, have been pressing major change upon rural communities in the Third World. But has modernization created greater poverty and inequality? A data set generated from eleven surveys during 1966-87 in a typical rice village in the Philippines, illustrates a pattern of socio ecomic change shared by many lowland rice areas in the Philippines as well as in other Asian ecomies. The authors present the lessons drawn from 30 years of empirical research.
YUJIRO HAYAMI is Professor of International Economics at Aoyama-Gakuin University and author of a number of studies of agriculture and economic development, among them, Agricultural Development (with V. Ruttan), Anatomy of Peasant Economy, Asian Village Economy at the Crossroads (with M. Kikuchi), and Economic Development: From the Poverty to the Wealth of Nations. His previous appointments include Professor of International Economics at Tokyo Metropolitan University and Agricultural Economist at the International Rice Research Institute, the Philippines. MASAO KIKUCHI is Professor of Agricultural Economics at Chiba University and the author of Asian Village at the Crossroads (with Y. Hayami). His previous appointments include Assoc. Ag. Economist at the International Rice Research