AIDS and Africa are indelibly linked in popular consciousness, but despite widespread awareness of the epidemic, much of the story remains hidden beneath a superficial focus on condoms, sex workers, and antiretrovirals. Africa gets lost in this equation, Daniel Jordan Smith argues, transformed into a mere vehicle to explain AIDS, and in AIDS Doesn't Show Its Face, he offers a powerful reversal, using AIDS as a lens through which to view Africa. Drawing on twenty years of fieldwork in Nigeria, Smith tells a story of dramatic social changes, ones implicated in the same inequalities that also factor into local perceptions about AIDS-inequalities of gender, generation, and social class. Nigerians, he shows, view both social inequality and the presence of AIDS in moral terms, as kinds of ethical failure. Mixing ethgraphies that describe everyday life with pointed analyses of public health interventions, he demonstrates just how powerful these paired anxieties-medical and social-are, and how the world might better alleviate them through a more sensitive understanding of their relationship.
Daniel Jordan Smith is associate professor in the anthropology department at Brown University. He is the author of A Culture of Corruption: Everyday Deception and Popular Discontent in Nigeria and coauthor of The Secret: Love, Marriage, and HIV.