Data assimilation aims at determining as accurately as possible the state of a dynamical system by combining heterogeneous sources of information in an optimal way. Generally speaking, the mathematical methods of data assimilation describe algorithms for forming optimal combinations of observations of a system, a numerical model that describes its evolution, and appropriate prior information. Data assimilation has a long history of application to high-dimensional geophysical systems dating back to the 1960s, with application to the estimation of initial conditions for weather forecasts. It has become a major component of numerical forecasting systems in geophysics, and an intensive field of research, with numerous additional applications in oceagraphy, atmospheric chemistry, and extensions to other geophysical sciences. The physical complexity and the high dimensionality of geophysical systems have led the community of geophysics to make significant contributions to the fundamental theory of data assimilation. This book gathers tes from lectures and seminars given by internationally recognized scientists during a three-week school held in the Les Houches School of physics in 2012, on theoretical and applied data assimilation. It is composed of (i) a series of main lectures, presenting the fundamentals of the most commonly used methods, and the information theory background required to understand and evaluate the role of observations; (ii) a series of specialized lectures, addressing various aspects of data assimilation in detail, from the most recent developments of the theory to the specificities of various thematic applications.
Eric Blayo is a Professor in applied mathematics at the University of Grenoble. He is leading a research team working on the development of mathematical and numerical methods for environmental applications.; Marc Bocquet is a Professor and Senior Researcher at the environment research centre (CEREA), a joint laboratory of Ecole des Ponts ParisTech and EDF R&D. He is working in the field of data assimilation in geosciences.; Emmanuel Cosme obtained his PhD in Earth Sciences at the University of Grenoble in 2002. Thereafter, he worked during 2 years on data assimilation for air quality in Canada, and moved back to Grenoble as an Associate Professor, to specialise in ocean data assimilation.; Leticia F. Cugliandolo: Laboratoire de Physique Theorique et Hautes Energies Universite Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris 6, Paris, France.
Oxford University Press
Date of Publication
Science & Mathematics: Textbooks & Study Guides
Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School
Place of Publication
Country of Publication
Oxford University Press
169 b/w illustrations
Emmanuel Cosme, Eric Blayo, Leticia F. Cugliandolo, Marc Bocquet