Algebraic geometry has always been an ec1ectic science, with its roots in algebra, function-theory and topology. Apart from early resear- ches, w about a century old, this beautiful branch of mathematics has for many years been investigated chiefly by the Italian school which, by its pioneer work, based on algebro-geometric methods, has succeeded in building up an imposing body of kwledge. Quite apart from its intrinsic interest, this possesses high heuristic value since it represents an essential step towards the modern achievements. A certain lack of rigour in the c1assical methods, especially with regard to the foundations, is largely justified by the creative impulse revealed in the first stages of our subject; the same phemen can be observed, to a greater or less extent, in the historical development of any other science, mathematical or n-mathematical. In any case, within the c1assical domain itself, the foundations were later explored and consolidated, principally by SEVERI, on lines which have frequently inspired further investigations in the abstract field. About twenty-five years ago B. L. VAN DER WAERDEN and, later, O. ZARISKI and A. WEIL, together with their schools, established the methods of modern abstract algebraic geometry which, rejecting the c1assical restriction to the complex groundfield, gave up geometrical intuition and undertook arithmetisation under the growing influence of abstract algebra.
Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH & Co. KG
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Ergebnisse der Mathematik und Ihrer Grenzgebiete. 2. Folge
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Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH & Co. K