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- DescriptionIn 1945, the United States was t only the strongest ecomic and military power in the world; it was also the world's leader in science and techlogy. In American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of Science in Europe, John Krige describes the efforts of influential figures in the United States to model postwar scientific practices and institutions in Western Europe on those in America. They mobilized political and financial support to promote t just America's scientific and techlogical agendas in Western Europe but its Cold War political and ideological agendas as well.Drawing on the work of diplomatic and cultural historians, Krige argues that this attempt at scientific dominance by the United States can be seen as a form of consensual hegemony, involving the collaboration of influential local elites who shared American values. He uses this tion to analyze a series of case studies that describe how the U.S. administration, senior officers in the Rockefeller and Ford Foundations, the NATO Science Committee, and influential members of the scientific establishment -- tably Isidor I. Rabi of Columbia University and Vannevar Bush of MIT -- tried to Americanize scientific practices in such fields as physics, molecular biology, and operations research. He details U.S. support for institutions including CERN, the Niels Bohr Institute, the French CNRS and its laboratories at Gif near Paris, and the never-established European MIT. Krige's study shows how consensual hegemony in science t only served the interests of postwar European reconstruction but became ather way of maintaining American leadership and making the world safe for democracy.
- Author BiographyJohn Krige is Kranzberg Professor in the School of History, Technology, and Society at the Georgia Institute of Technology.
- Author(s)John Krige
- PublisherMIT Press Ltd
- Date of Publication29/08/2008
- SubjectScience: General & Reference
- Series TitleTransformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology
- Place of PublicationCambridge, Mass.
- Country of PublicationUnited States
- ImprintMIT Press
- Weight522 g
- Width152 mm
- Height229 mm
- Spine17 mm
- Format DetailsTrade paperback (US)
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