2015 Recipient of the American Book Award The first history of the United States told from the perspective of indigeus peoples Today in the United States, there are more than five hundred federally recognized Indigeus nations comprising nearly three million people, descendants of the fifteen million Native people who once inhabited this land. The centuries-long gecidal program of the US settler-colonial regimen has largely been omitted from history. Now, for the first time, acclaimed historian and activist Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz offers a history of the United States told from the perspective of Indigeus peoples and reveals how Native Americans, for centuries, actively resisted expansion of the US empire. In An Indigeus Peoples History of the United States, Dunbar-Ortiz adroitly challenges the founding myth of the United States and shows how policy against the Indigeus peoples was colonialist and designed to seize the territories of the original inhabitants, displacing or eliminating them. And as Dunbar-Ortiz reveals, this policy was praised in popular culture, through writers like James Fenimore Cooper and Walt Whitman, and in the highest offices of government and the military. Shockingly, as the gecidal policy reached its zenith under President Andrew Jackson, its ruthlessness was best articulated by US Army general Thomas S. Jesup, who, in 1836, wrote of the Semiles: The country can be rid of them only by exterminating them. Spanning more than four hundred years, this classic bottom-up peoples history radically reframes US history and explodes the silences that have haunted our national narrative. From the Hardcover edition.
Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz grew up in rural Oklahoma, the daughter of a tenant farmer and part-Indian mother. She has been active in the international Indigenous movement for more than four decades and is known for her lifelong commitment to national and international social justice issues. After receiving her PhD in history at the University of California at Los Angeles, she taught in the newly established Native American Studies Program at California State University, Hayward, and helped found the Departments of Ethnic Studies and Women s Studies. Her 1977 bookThe Great Sioux Nationwas the fundamental document at the first international conference on Indigenous peoples of the Americas, held at the United Nations headquarters in Geneva. Dunbar-Ortiz is the author or editor of seven other books, including Roots of Resistance: A History of Land Tenure in New Mexico. She lives in San Francisco.