Focuses on the problematic domains of the institutions and laws devised to cope with family difficulties, and discusses the social strains created by the transition from communist to post-communist national systems. In addition to the substantial historic analysis, actual challenges are also discussed. The essays examine the changing gender roles, alterations in legal systems, the burdens faced by married and unmarried women who are mothers, the contrasts between government rhteoric and the implementation of policies toward marriage, children and parenthood. By addressing the specifics of welfare politics under the Communist rule and the directions of their transformation in 1990 - 2000s, this book contributes to the understanding of social institutions and family policies inthese countries and the problems of dealing with the socialist past that this region face.
Carlback is Associate Professor in History at Sodertorn University, Sweden Gradskova is PhD in History, at Sodertorn University, Sweden Kravchenko is PhD in Sociology, at Sodertorn University, Sweden