Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics had a profound influence on generations of later philosophers, t only in the ancient era but also in the medieval period and beyond. In this book, Anthony Cela explores how medieval authors recast Aristotle's Ethics according to their own moral ideals. He argues that the moral standard for the Ethics is a human one, which is based upon the ethical tradition and the best practices of a given society. In the Middle Ages, this human standard was replaced by one that is universally applicable, since its foundation is eternal immutable divine law. Cela resolves the conflicting accounts of happiness in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, demonstrates the importance of the virtue of phronesis (practical wisdom), and shows how the medieval view of moral reasoning alters Aristotle's concept of moral wisdom.
Anthony Celano is Professor of Philosophy at Stonehill College, Massachusetts. He is the author of over forty scholarly articles on medieval and ancient philosophy and is a member of the Leonine Commission, which is responsible for critical Latin editions of the works of Thomas Aquinas.