Paul Cezanne was the pioneer in the development of new painting possibilities. He was remarkable for his ability to perceive and paint aspects of everyday life in ways that revealed dynamic, yet deeply harmonious visions of the world. But the intellectual and emotional difficulties of his achievements were considerable. Mainly self-taught, most of his career was plagued by rejection. Both the critics and the public disliked his paintings, and in 1884 Cezanne declared that Paris, the centre of the nineteenth-century art world, had defeated him. He then retreated into a world filled with self-doubt and bad temper.
Jorella Andrews is a senior lecturer in the Visual Cultures department at Goldsmiths, University of London. She is the author of Showing Off! Patrick Vale is an internationally recognized illustrator best known for his work based on cities and architecture. Among his recent projects is the time-lapsed film, Empire State of Pen.