The focus of this book is the All India Democratic Women's Association (AIDWA) within the larger context of contemporary Indian women's movements. AIDWA is assessed and analyzed as left-oriented, party-affiliated, all-India women's organization. An examination of its administrative structure provides a basis from which to compare the various state-level approaches to activism. Additionally, the contradictions and implications of the women's question and the class questions are explored. This book sheds light on the ongoing theoretical debates of Marxism and feminism and their compatibilities in their Indian-specific circumstances. Investigating the first twenty-five years of AIDWA's existence (1981 - 2006) the book looks at the explicit relationship between the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI (M)) and AIDWA and how both cooperate and define each other. Susanne Kranz is an Assistant Professor at Zayed University in the United Arab Emirates.