India being one of the 17 megadiversity nations in the world, the country possesses a diversity of ecological habitats ranging from tropical, sub-tropical, alpine to desert. Biodiversity creates a systematic frame work for analyzing the problem and searching for possible solutions. This book is a unique compilation of 36 esteemed articles with the intention of providing a sufficient depth of the subject. It is hoped that this book will bring out different biodiversity conservation strategies in various places in and around India and this will pave the way for sustainable environment. Further, this book will be useful t only for students, researchers, and teachers but also to environmentalists, foresters, NGO's and policy planners.