Black Americans in Congress1870-2007'One hundred thirty-three African Americans have served in the U.S. Congress'United States House Committee on House AdministrationUnited States House Office of History and Preservation One hundred thirty-three African Americans have served in the U.S. Congress: 127 in the House and 6 in the Senate.1 Of these, 31 have been women. A record 43 African American Members (all in the House, including two delegates) serve in the 112th Congress. All but 2 are Democrats and 15 are women. No African Americans have served in both houses of Congress. The majority of African American Members of Congress (103) have been Democrats; 29 have been Republicans. Five others, all Democrats, have served as Delegates to the House. All of the Democrats have been elected in the 20th and 21st centuries. Twenty-two African American Republicans served in the 19th century House, five in the 20th century (four in the House and one in the Senate), and one was reelected to a single term in the 21st century before retiring. Two others have been elected to the House in the 21st century.
House Committee on House Administration, House Office of History and Preservation