Blacks, Indians, and Spaniards in the Eastern Andes examines the little kwn province of Mizque and its colonial populations from 1550 to 1782. Mizque's sub-puna valleys, lowland plains, and tropical forests boasted multiple desirable ecological zones. It was inhabited by diverse Andean ethnic groups, some with Amazonian ties and some who were aggressive warriors. The Spanish conquest of the region, incomplete at best, reconfigured the land and labor systems and created a hinterland-to-highland colonial market system, fostering an ecomic boom in wine, sugar, coca, and livestock. African slaves brought in to supplement the rapidly declining indigeus labor force further contributed to demographic and ecomic change beyond the control of the Spanish imperial state. Lolita Gutierrez Brockington's work also analyzes how imperial control met with resistance and how Africans, Indians, and Spaniards, and their descendants interacted with one ather. Her study uncovers an intersection and cross-fertilization of sociocultural measurements identifiable in the workplace, courts, church, and private lives. Brockington invatively uses Spanish colonial documentary sources, including serial financial accounts of wealthy orphans, court cases, parish records, and census information of hacienda workers to elucidate race, ethnic, class, and gender issues within the colonial reality of contradiction and ambiguity.
Lolita Gutierrez Brockington is an emeritus associate professor of history at North Carolina Central University and a fellow with the Institute of African American Research at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She is the author of The Leverage of Labor: Managing the Cortes Haciendas in Tehuantepec, 1588-1688.