In Carlos Fuentes, Mexico, and Modernity, Maarten van Delden argues that there is a fundamental paradox at the heart of Fuentes's vision of Mexico and in his role as velist and critic in putting forth that vision. This paradox hinges on the tension between national identity and modernity. A significant internal stake out two different positions for himself, as experimental velist and as politically engaged and responsible intellectual. Drawing from his fiction, literary essays, and political Journalism, van Delden places these tensions in Fuentes's work in relation to the larger debates about modernity and postmodernity in Latin America. He concludes that Fuentes is fundamentally a modernist writer, in spite of the fact that he occasionally gravitates toward the postmodernist position in literature and politics.