This book presents the omasiological approach to word formation and applies it to neoclassical formations, using data taken from English and Russian medical termilogy. The phemen of neoclassical formations is challenging for morphological theory because it raises questions about determining its boundaries as a distinct category. The difficulties of differentiating between compounding and affixation, between blending and compounding, and between word formation and borrowing represent key problematic areas here. The basic underlying hypothesis considered in this book is that the position of neoclassical formations in English and Russian is different. It will be argued that, whereas in English, neoclassical word formation is a system of word formation, Russian has only individual borrowings. This hypothesis and the theoretical problems it entails are viewed from the perspective of Stekauer's omasiological theory of word formation. Stekauer's theory takes the needs of the speech community as its starting point in explaining word formation. In this theory, the different analyses of neoclassical formations in English and Russian can be accounted for in an intuitively appealing and theoretically elegant way. As naming needs are central, word formation and borrowing can be analysed as alternative responses activating different components of the language system.
Renata Panocova is an Assistant Professor in the Department of British and American Studies at the Faculty of Arts at Pavol Jozef Safarik University in Kosice in Slovakia. She received a PhD in Slavic Linguistics and an MA in English and Russian from the University of Presov, Slovakia.