Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation by Water Science and Technology Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Research Council, Committee on Source Removal of Contaminants in the Subsurface, National Academy of Sciences (Hardback, 2005)
At hundreds of thousands of commercial, industrial, and military sites across the country, subsurface materials including groundwater are contaminated with chemical waste. The last decade has seen growing interest in using aggressive source remediation techlogies to remove contaminants from the subsurface, but there is limited understanding of (1) the effectiveness of these techlogies and (2) the overall effect of mass removal on groundwater quality. This report reviews the suite of techlogies available for source remediation and their ability to reach a variety of cleanup goals, from meeting regulatory standards for groundwater to reducing costs. The report proposes elements of a protocol for accomplishing source remediation that should enable project managers to decide whether and how to pursue source remediation at their sites.
Committee on Source Removal of Contaminants in the Subsurface, National Research Council
Committee on Source Removal of Contaminants in the Subsurface, Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Water Science and Technology Board