Crustal Heat Flow: A Guide to Measurement and Modeling is a handbook for geologists and geophysicists who manipulate thermal data, particularly for petroleum exploration. In theory and with practical examples the book discusses the sources of heat within the crust, describes how to maximise the accuracy of temperature data, covers the measurement of the thermal properties of rocks, and explains a number of maturity indicators. The second part covers a range of thermodynamic models of the lithosphere and shows how these can be used to reconstruct the thermal history of individual sedimentary basins. This book will be regarded as a long-term reference source for professionals and researchers. It will also form the basis of advanced undergraduate and graduate student courses in geology, geophysics, engineering, mining, and environmental science, and will be a valuable text for petroleum industry training schemes.