Fawzia Afzal-Khan's excellent book could stand as a reply to those hostile critics who today attack 'multiculturalism' for reductively politicizing literature. In her trenchant discussion, Afzal-Khan shows just how complex the politics of 'liberation' can be for colonial and postcolonial velists. -Gerald Graff, University of Chicago Afzal-Khan's study is a major new contribution to the related fields of Indian writing in English and post-colonial literatures. Focused primarily on four Indian velists, its arguments and conclusions are of vital importance to our understanding of the many new literatures from the former British colonies. Through her judicious use of the theoretical constructs of Frantz Fan, Fredric Jameson, Edward Said, and others, Afzal-Khan has produced a fresh and compelling interpretation of the Indian-English vel. -Amritjit Singh, Rhode Island College Cultural Imperialism and the Indo-English Novel focuses on the vels of R. K. Narayan, Anita Desai, Kamala Markandaya, and Salman Rushdie and explores the tension in these vels between ideology and the generic fictive strategies that shape ideology or are shaped by it. Fawzia Afzal-Khan raises the important question of how much the usage of certain ideological strategies actually helps the ex-colonized writer deal effectively with post-colonial and post-independence trauma and whether or t the choice of a particular genre or mode employed by a writer presupposes the extent to which that writer will be successful in challenging the ideological strategies of containment perpetuated by most Western orientalist texts and writers. She argues that the formal or generic choices of the four writers studied here reveal that they are using genre as an ideological strategy of liberation to help free their peoples and cultures from the hegemonic strategies of containment imposed upon them. She concludes that the works studied here constitute an ideological rebuttal of Western writers' denigrating containment of n-Western cultures. She also tes that self-criticism, as implied in Rushdie's works, is t be confused with self-hatred, a theme found in Naipaul's work.
Fawzia Afzal-Khan is Associate Professor of English at Montclair State College.