This work posits that, over the past two centuries, democratic rms have spread from domestic politics to intergovernmental organizations (IGOs). Grigorescu explores how rms shaped IGO decision-making rules such as those driving state participation, voting, access to information, and the role of NGOs and transnational parliaments. The study emphasizes the role of 'rmative pressures' (the interaction between rm strength and the degree to which the status quo strays from rm prescriptions). Using primary and secondary sources to assess the plausibility of its arguments across two centuries and two dozen IGOs, the study focuses on developments in the League of Nations, the International Labor Organization, the United Nations, the World Bank, the European Union, and the World Trade Organization.
Alexandru Grigorescu is an Associate Professor of Political Science at Loyola University, Chicago. His research has been published in numerous journals such as International Studies Quarterly, the Review of International Organizations, the Journal of Conflict Resolution, and Ethics and International Affairs. Prior to his academic career, between 1992 and 1997, he served as a diplomat in the Romanian Foreign Ministry and was posted at the Romanian Mission to the United Nations in New York.