The Antiochene or Lucianic text is one of the most important text forms of the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Old Testament. Its specific form has been understood as the result of the recensional activity of Lucian the martyr (312). Yet, agreements with Josephus, the New Testament, the Old Latin translation, and w especially with the biblical texts from Qumran show that it (also) must be old and close to the original Septuagint. The evaluation of the Antiochene text is of importance t only for the textual history of the Septuagint but also for the description of its original character and because of the relation to its parent text, even for the history of the Hebrew text. This collection of papers presents new insights and actual discussion concerning the history and the importance of the Antiochene Text of the Septuagint. With contributions by Felix Albrecht, Natalio Fernandez Marcos, Philippe Hugo, Jong-Hoon Kim, Thomas Kraus, Siegfried Kreuzer, Martin Meiser, Adrian Schenker, Marcus Sigismund, Victoria Spottor.