Designing Automous Agents provides a summary and overview of the radically different architectures that have been developed over the past few years for organizing robots. These architectures have led to major breakthroughs that promise to revolutionize the study of automous agents and perhaps artificial intelligence in general.The new architectures emphasize more direct coupling of sensing to action, distributedness and decentralization, dynamic interaction with the environment, and intrinsic mechanisms to cope with limited resources and incomplete kwledge. The research discussed here encompasses such important ideas as emergent functionality, task-level decomposition, and reasoning methods such as analogical representations and visual operations that make the task of perception more realistic.Pattie Maes is Research Associate at the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory of the University of Brussels and Visiting Faculty Member at the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory at MIT.Contents: A Biological Perspective on Automous Agent Design, Randall D. Beer, Hillel J. Chiel, Leon S. Sterling. Elephants Don't Play Chess, Rodney A. Brooks. What Are Plans For? Philip E. Agre and David Chapman. Action and Planning in Embedded Agents, Leslie Pack Kaelbling and Stanley J. Rosenschein. Situated Agents Can Have Goals, Pattie Maes. Exploiting Analogical Representations, Luc Steels. Internalized Plans: A Representation for Action Resources, David W. Payton. Integrating Behavioral, Perceptual, and World Kwledge in Reactive Navigation, Ronald C. Arkin. Symbol Grounding via a Hybrid Architecture in an Automous Assembly System, Chris Malcolm and Tim Smithers. Animal Behavior as a Paradigm for Developing Robot Automy, Tracy L. Anderson and Max Donath.
Pattie Maes is an associate professor in MIT's Program in Media Arts and Sciences.