This second book in our series Artificial Intelligence and Society explores the issues involved in the design and application of human-centred systems in the manufacturing area. At first glance it may appear that a book on this topic is somewhat peripheral to the main concerns of the series. In fact, although starting from an engineering perspective, the book addresses some of the pivotal issues confronting those who apply new techlogy in general and artificial intelligence (AI) systems in particular. Above all, the book invites us to consider whether the present applications of techlogy are such as to make the best use of human skill and ingenuity and at the same time provide for realistic and ecomically sustainable systems design solutions. To do so it is necessary to provide systems which support the skill, and are amenable to the cultures, of the areas of application in question. In a philosophical sense it means providing tools to support skills rather than machines which replace them, to use Heidegger's distinction. The book gives an authoritative account of the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Techlogy (UMIST) tradition of human-centredness and provides a participatory design ap- proach which focuses on collaborative learning and enhancement and creation of new skills. It also argues that collaboration should be supported by institutions through the creation of supportive infrastructures and research environments. It emphasises the optimisation of practical kwledge with the help of scientific kwledge and rejects the alternative.
Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH & Co. KG
Date of Publication
Technology: General & Reference
Place of Publication
Country of Publication
Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH & Co. K